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Contact Information

Northern Research Station
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726
(608) 231-9318
(608) 231-9544 TTY/TDD

Urban Natural Resources Stewardship

Urban Tree Canopy Assessment

Publications and Products


The following research describes various aspects of the Urban Tree Canopy suite of tools, including Assessment, Prioritization, Marketing, and Change:

Chuang, Wen-Ching; Boone, Christopher G.; Locke, Dexter H.; Grove, J. Morgan; Whitmer, Ali; Buckley, Geoffrey; Zhang, Sainan. 2017. Tree canopy change and neighborhood stability: A comparative analysis of Washington, D.C. and Baltimore, MD. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 27: 363-372.

Locke, DH; Romolini, M; Galvin, M; Strauss, EG. 2017. Tree Canopy Change in Coastal Los Angeles , 2009 - 2014. Cities Environ 10: 2009–14.

Nguyen, Vi D.; Roman, Lara A.; Locke, Dexter H.; Mincey, Sarah K.; Sanders, Jessica R.; Smith Fichman, Erica; Duran-Mitchell, Mike; Tobing, Sarah Lumban 2017. Branching out to residential lands: Missions and strategies of five tree distribution programs in the U.S. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 22: 24-35.

Locke, Dexter H.; Landry, Shawn M.; Grove, J. Morgan; Roy Chowdhury, Rinku. 2016. What's scale got to do with it? Models for urban tree canopy. Journal of Urban Ecology. 2(1): juw006-. 16 p.

Locke, Dexter H.; Grove, J. Morgan. 2016. Doing the hard work where it's easiest? Examining the relationships between urban greening programs and social and ecological characteristics. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy. 9: 77-96.

Locke, DH; Baine, G. 2014. The good, the bad, and the interested: how historical demographics explain present-day tree canopy, vacant lot and tree request spatial variability in New Haven, CT. Urban Ecosyst 18: 391–409.

Grove, J. Morgan; Locke, Dexter H.; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath P.M. 2014. An ecology of prestige in New York City: Examining the relationships among population density, socio-economic status, group identity, and residential canopy cover. Environmental Management. 54(3): 402-419.

King, Kristen L.; Locke, Dexter H. 2013. A comparison of three methods for measuring local urban tree canopy cover. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry. 39(2): 62-67.

Locke, Dexter H.; Grove, J. Morgan; Galvin, Michael; ONeil-Dunne, Jarlath P.M.; Murphy, Charles. 2013. Applications of urban tree canopy assessment and prioritization tools: supporting collaborative decision making to achieve urban sustainability goals. Cities and the Environment. 6(1): article 7.

Romolini, Michele; Grove, J. Morgan; Locke, Dexter H. 2013. Assessing and comparing relationships between urban environmental stewardship networks and land cover in Baltimore and Seattle. Landscape and Urban Planning. 120: 190-207.

Boone, Christopher G.; Cadenasso, Mary L.; Grove, J. Morgan; Schwarz, Kirsten; Buckley, Geoffrey L. 2010. Landscape, vegetation characteristics, and group identity in an urban and suburban watershed: why the 60s matter. Urban Ecosystem. 13: 255-271.

Locke, Dexter; Grove, J. Morgan; Lu, Jacqueline W.T.; Troy, Austin; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath P.M.; Beck, Brian. 2010. Prioritizing preferable locations for increasing urban tree canopy in New York City. Cities and the Environment 3(1):18 p.

Troy, Austin R.; Grove, J. Morgan; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath P.M.; Pickett, Steward T.A.; Cadenasso, Mary L. 2007. Predicting opportunities for greening and patterns of vegetation on private urban lands. Environmental Management. 40(3): 394-412.

Reports and Newsletters


Technical Guide

Raciti, S.; Galvin, M. F.; Grove, J. M.; O'Neil-Dunne, J. P. M.; Todd, A.; Clagett, S. 2006. Urban Tree Canopy Goal Setting: A Guide for Chesapeake Bay Communities, United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern State & Private Forestry, Chesapeake Bay Program Office, Annapolis, Md.

Related Briefing Papers


Locke, D. H.; O’Neil-Dunne, J. P. M.; Galvin, M. G.l Grove, M. J. 2014. Increasing Urban Tree Canopy: A Suite of Geographic Information System Tools. 2014 Clark University GIS Week Poster Session. November 21, 2014. (15 mb pdf)

For presentations and an informative video on the UTC process, check out About UTC section of this site.

Last Modified: 01/16/2018