Culturally and Economically Important Nontimber Forest Products of Northern Maine

Search for Plants by Name or Use

This table includes all of the plants named by gatherers we spoke with in northern Maine.  Scroll down or search to see how people use these plants and learn plant names in other languages used in the region.  Click on links to learn more about some of the plants.  And if you have something to share, like a word from a language we are missing, please contact us

Information about medicinal plant uses is provided for educational purposes only.  It should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment and is not a substitute for consultation with a licensed physician. 

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Enter any name, use or translation in the "Quick Search" box. You can also combine terms, such as "Food Craft" (without quotes) to find plants that have both food and craft uses. Click "Clear Filters" to see the entire list. You can also search each column using the box under the heading.

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Common Name Scientific Name Use 1 Use 2 Use 3 Mi'kmaq French Maliseet
Alder Alnus incana ssp. rugosa Spiritual Utilitarian        
Angelica Angelica atropurpurea Medicine
Apples, wild Malus sylvestris Food pomme
Ash, brown Fraxinus nigra Craft Spiritual Utilitarian wiskoq frene noir wikp
Aspen, bigtooth Populus grandidentata Medicine
Balm of Gilead Populus X P. gileadensis Medicine stoqon peuplier ewepipoq
Plum, beach Prunus maritime Food
Bear's head fungus Hericium americanum Food
Beech, American Fagus grandifolia Food suwo'musi hêtre  mihihqimus
Bergamot, wild Monarda fistulosa Medicine
Birch, paper Betula papyrifera Craft Food Medicine maskwi bouleau blanc masqemus
Birch, yellow Betula allegheniensis Food Utilitarian
Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis Medicine
Blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum, Vaccinium angustifolium Craft Food Medicine pkuman bleuet sahtiyil
Bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum Craft
Bracket mushroom Ganoderma applanatum Craft
Bugaloos Medicine
Bunchberry Cornus canadensis Food
Burdock Arctium minus Food Medicine kawiksaw rhubarb sauvage kawisimus
Butter and eggs Linaria vulgaris Utilitarian
Butternut Juglans cinerea Food
Plum, Canada Prunus nigra Food
Caraway Carum carvi Aesthetic Food
Cattail Typha latifolia Craft Food Utilitarian      
Catnip Nepeta cataria Medicine
Cedar, white Thuja occidentalis Craft Spiritual qaskusi cèdre kakshus
Chaga mushroom Innonotus obliquus Medicine
Chanterelle Cantharellus cibarius Craft Food
Cherry, black Prunus serotina Medicine
Chicken of the woods Laetiporus sulphureus Craft
Chickweed Stellaria media Food Medicine
Chive, wild Allium schoenoprasum Food ciboulette
Chokecherry Prunus virginiana Food Medicine lluwiman cerisier oluwiminol
Clover, red Trifolium pretense Food Medicine
Coltsfoot Tussilago farfara Medicine tussilage
Comfrey Symphytum officinale Medicine consoude
Crabapples Pyrus coronaria Food
Currant, black Ribes americanum Food
Dandelion Taraxacum officinale Food pissenlit pomuhse-imiyamkewey
Dock, yellow Rumex crispus Medicine
Dogwood, red osier Cornus sericea Craft Medicine Spiritual   osier rouge nepskihhkamq
Elderberry, black Sambucus canadensis Food Utilitarian
Evening primrose Oenothera biennis Medicine
Eyebright Euphrasia officinalis Medicine
Fennel Foeniculum vulgare Food
Fern Various species Craft Medicine
Fiddlehead Matteuccia struthiopteris Food ma'susi fougere mahsusiyil
Fir, balsam Abies balsamea Craft Utilitarian sapin puhpukawihqimus
Flag root Acorus calamus Medicine kighaswes, ki'kasuwasw rat musque kiwhosuwasq
Goldenrod  Solidago sp. Food Medicine
Goldthread Coptis trifolia Medicine mali'japa'qawey savoyanne wisawkeskil
Gooseberry  Ribes sp. Food
Goosefoot Chenopodium album Food
Grape, wild Vitis labrusca Craft Food
Ground ivy Glechoma hederacea Medicine
Hawthorn Crataegus sp. Medicine
Hazelnut, American Corylus americana Utilitarian
Hazelnut, beaked Corylus cornuta Food malipqwanj noisetier malipokansimus
Hemlock Tsuga canadensis Food
Highbush cranberry Viburnum trilobum Food Medicine pimbina, quatre-saison des bois ipiminaks
Hop vine Humulus lupulus Food
Horseradish Armoracia rusticana Food
Horsetail Equisetum sp. Utilitarian
Hydrangea, wild Hydrangea sp. Medicine
Indian cucumber root Medeola virginiana Food
Jerusalem artichoke Helianthus tuberosus Food
Jewelweed Impatiens capensis Medicine
Labrador tea Ledum groenlandicum Craft Medicine
Ladies mantle Alchemilla vulgaris Medicine
Lamb's quarters Chenopodium album Food
Lingonberry Vaccinium vitis-idaea Food
Lungwort Pulmonaria officinalis Medicine
Lupine Lupinus polyphyllus Aesthetic Spiritual
Mallow Malva moschata Medicine
Maple, sugar Acer saccharum Food snawey Érable à sucre malsonaw
Mayflower ID uncertain Aesthetic
Meadowsweet Spirea alba Medicine
Mint, wild Mentha canadensis, Mentha arvensis Food Medicine
Morel, common Morchella esculenta Food
Motherwort Leonurus marrubiastrum Medicine
Mullein, common Verbascum thapsus Craft Medicine Utilitarian      
Partridgeberry Mitchella repens Food
Pearly everlasting Anaphalis margaritacea Medicine Spiritual immortelle tomawey
Pigweed Chenopodium album Food
Pine Pinus sp. Craft Medicine kuwow pin kuwes
Plantain Plantago major Medicine plantain sekotepokahtek
Princess pine Lycopodium sp. Craft
Queen Anne's lace Daucus carota Aesthetic Craft Food      
Raspberry Rubus idaeus Craft Food klitaq framboisier minsossok
Rose, wild Rosa sp. Food Medicine rose kikcokalokiqeminsimus
Sarsaparilla Aralia nudicaulis Craft Food
Self-heal Prunella vulgaris Medicine
Serviceberry Amelanchier sp. Food
Sheep laurel Kalmia angustifolia Craft
Shepherd's purse Capsella bursa-pastoris Medicine
Skunk cabbage Symplocarpus foetidus Medicine
Snowberry, creeping Gaultheria hispidula Food
Soapwort Saponaria officinalis Medicine
Spruce Picea sp. Craft Food Utilitarian kawatkw epinette olonatoq, kawatoq
Spruce, black Picea mariana Craft Food
St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum Medicine pertuisane
Staghorn sumac Rhus typhina Craft Food
Strawberry Fragaria virginiana Food atuwomkemin fraisier pskihqiminsok
Sweet cicely Osmorhiza claytonii Medicine
Sweet fern Comptonia peregrina Medicine
Sweetgrass Hierochloe odorata Craft Medicine Spiritual kjimskiku herbe sainte welimakaskil
Tamarack Larix laricina Craft Medicine Utilitarian      
Trillium, pink Trillium grandiflorum Craft
Trillium, purple Trillium erectum Craft
Vervain Verbena hastata Medicine
Violet, wild Viola sp. Medicine
Water lily Nymphaea odorata Medicine
Willow  Salix sp. Craft Medicine
Wintercress Barbarea verna, Barbarea vulgaris Food
Wood betony Pedicularis canadensis Medicine
Sorrel, wood Oxalis montana Food
Yarrow Achillea millefolium Aesthetic Craft Medicine      
Yellow nut sedge Cyperus esculentus Food