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Northern Research Station
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726
(608) 231-9318
(608) 231-9544 TTY/TDD

Sustaining Forests

Culturally and Economically Important Nontimber Forest Products of Northern Maine

Plant Uses in the St. John River Watershed

Wool dyed with goldenrod, drying on a rack. Photo by Michelle Baumflek

The 30 gatherers we spoke with in the St. John River Watershed use over 120 species of wild plants and mushrooms.  Some plants have multiple uses.  58 different species are used for medicine, 55 are used for food, 32 are used for crafts, and 7 species are used for spiritual or ceremonial purposes.  In each of the 10 profiles of gatherers on this website, you can read about specific uses of plants. 

Some general references on plant uses relevant to this region of northern Maine include:

Mi’kmaq Medicines, Laurie Lacey, Halifax, Nova Scotia:  Nimbus Publishing.  1993.

Culturally and economically important nontimber forest products of northern Maine, Michelle Baumflek, Marla R. Emery, Clare Ginger, and David Putnam. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-68. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 74 p.

Handicrafts of the Modern Indians of Maine. Fanny Hardy Ekstrom.  Bar Harbor, ME:  Abbe Museum (first published in 1932, reprinted in 2003).

Information about medicinal plant uses is provided for educational purposes only. It should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment and is not a substitute for consultation with a licensed physician.


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Last Modified: 12/13/2010