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Northern Research Station
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726
(608) 231-9318
(608) 231-9544 TTY/TDD

Research Natural Area

Moquah

[photo:] Moquah RNA. photo by Lucy Tyrrell.State: Wisconsin

County: Bayfield

Forest: Chequamegon

District: Washburn

Established: 1935

Acres: 640

Description: The RNA contains areas of open grassland, blueberry-sweet fern, aspen (Populus sp.), mixed hardwoods, jack pine (Pinus banksiana), and a few red pine (Pinus resinosa) seed trees.

Ecological Information

Physical and Climatic Conditions:

Annual precipitation (type, seasonal distribution) : Average annual rainfall ranges from 28 to 34 inches (71 - 86 cm).

Maximum and minimum temperatures : Mean annual temperature ranges from 40 ºF to 41 ºF. Summer temperatures range from 60 ºF to 85 ºF, with an occasional 100 ºF day. The mean summer temperature is 65 ºF. The mean winter temperature is 13 ºF, with temperatures occasionally as low as -30 ºF to - 40 ºF.

Elevation: Elevations range from 800-900 feet (261 - 294 m). The topography is rolling with some small, relatively flat areas. No steep slopes are present.

Geology and Soils: Soil is sandy with a few small, sandy clay deposits. The soil can be classified as G-10 pitted outwash.

Aquatic Features: No swamps, lakes or streams.

Ecological Classification & Inventory

Section: Western Superior Uplands (212K)

Subsection(s): Bayfield Sand Plains (212Ka)

Plant Communities: Quercus prinus, Quercus velutina, Sassafras albidum, Carya spp.

SAF Cover Types (list acres): Kuchler Types (list acres):
1 Jack pine (165)  
11 Trembling Aspen (180)  
14 Northern pin oak (50)  
16 Aspen (180)  
55 Northern red oak (45)  

Complete Plant List

View or download (pdf)

Common Shrub Species: Serviceberry (Amelanchier sp.), common lowbush-blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium), brambles (Rubus spp.), sweet fern (Comptonia peregrina), wild black cherry (Prunus serotina), bush honeysuckle (Diervilla lonicera), wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens), beaked hazel-nut (Corylus cornuta), pin-cherry (Prunus pensylvanica), sand cherry (Prunus pumila)..

Common Herbaceous Species: Wheat grass (Elymus trachycaululus), panic-grass (Panicum sp.), field pussytoes (Antennaria neglecta), lichen (Cladonia sp.), bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum), big-leaved aster (Aster macrophyllus), Canada mayflower (Maianthemumcanadense).

Common Mammal Species: White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus).

Common Bird Species: Sharp-tailed grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus), ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus).

Related Websites

Moquah Barrens State Natural Area (No. 83)

 

Published Datasets

Byers, BJ Jr.; Beck, Albert J.; Rugg, David J. 2015. Measurements from twelve permanent vegetation plots in the Moquah Barrens Research Natural Area: 1979 and 1996. Fort Collins, CO: Forest Service Research Data Archive. http://dx.doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2015-0029

Mossman, Michael J.; Epstein, Eric; Hoffman, Randy M. 2015. Moquah Barrens Research Natural Area - breeding bird surveys 1971-2006. Fort Collins, CO: Forest Service Research Data Archive. http://dx.doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2015-0028

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. 2015. Permanent photographic points on the Moquah Barrens Research Natural Area. Fort Collins, CO: Forest Service Research Data Archive. http://dx.doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2015-0025

Related Publications

1935. Establishment Record for Moquah Research Natural Area within the Chequamegon National Forest, Bayfield County, Wisconsin. 41 pp

Bresee, M.; LeMoine, J.; Mather, S.; Brosofske, K.; Chen, J.; Crow, T.; Rademacher, J. 2004. Disturbance and landscape dynamics in the Chequamegon National Forest, Wisconsin, USA, from 1972 to 2001. Landscape Ecology 19:291-309.

Brosofske, K.D. 1999. Relationships between understory vegetation and landscape structure across multiple spatial scales in northern Wisconsin. Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI. Ph.D. Dissertation.

Brosofske, K. D.; Chen, J.; Crow, T.R.; Saunders, S.C. 1999. Vegetation responses to landscape to landscape structure across a northern Wisconsin, USA, pine barrens landscape. Plant Ecology. 143:203-218.

Brosofske, K.D.; Chen, J.; Crow, T.R. 2001. Plant diversity and local site factors: implications for a managed Wisconsin landscape. Forest Ecology and Management 146: 75-87.

Brosofske, K.D.; Chen, J.; Crow, T.R. 1999. Vegetation responses to landscape structure at multiple scales across a northern Wisconsin pine barrens landscape. From Fire to Forests: the Pine Barrens, A Research and Management Workshop, Ashland, WI. March 1999. [Professional presentation]

Brosofske, K.D.; Chen, J.; Crow, T.R. 1998. Relationships between plant diversity and landscape structure at multiple spatial scales in the Chequamegon National Forest, Wisconsin. Invited oral presentation, National Forests Landscape Ecology Workshop, Rhinelander, WI, June 18, 1998. [Professional presentation]

Brosofske, K.D.; Chen, J.; Crow, T.R.; Saunders, S.C. Plant diversity across four landscapes of the Chequamegon National Forest, Wisconsin. Annual Meeting of the International Association for Landscape Ecology, East Lansing, Michigan, March 1998.

Brosofske, K.D.; Chen, J.; Crow, T.R.; Saunders, S.C. Plant diversity at multiple scales across a northern Wisconsin pine barrens landscape. ESA Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, NM, August 1997. [Professional presentation]

Chen, J.; Saunders, S.; Crow, T.; Naiman, R.; Brosofske, K.; Mroz, G.; Brookshire, B.; Franklin, J. 1999. Microclimate in forest ecosystem and landscape ecology. BioScience. 49:88-297.

Dunn, C.; Stearns, F. 1980. Vegetation of the Moquah Barrens Research Natural Area. Report on file, Forestry Sciences Laboratory, Rhinelander, WI.

History of the Moquah District. Report on file, Forestry Sciences Laboratory, Rhinelander, WI.

Matthiae, P.; Stearns, F. 1978.  Ecological Analysis of Moquah Barrens Wildlife Management Area.  Report to University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

Saunders, S.C.; Brosofske, K.D.; Chen, J.; Gustafson, E.J. 1999. Identifying scales of pattern in ecological data: a comparison of lacunarity, spectral, and wavelet analysis. Annual Meeting of the International Association of Landscape Ecology (World Congress), Snowmass Village, CO July 1999. [Professional presentation]

Saunders, S.C.; Chen, J.; Drummer, T.D.; Crow, T. 1999. Modeling temperature gradients across edges over time in a managed landscape. Forest Ecology and Management. 117:17-31.

Saunders, S.C. 1998. Multiscale Relationships between Pattern and Process in a Managed Forest Landscape. Michigan Technological University. Ph.D. Dissertation.

Saunders, S.C.; Chen, J.; Crow, T.R.; Brosofske, K.D. 1998. Hierarchical relationships between landscape structure and temperature in a managed forest landscape. Landscape Ecology. 13:381-395.

Saunders, S.C.; Chen, J.; Drummer, T.D.; Crow, T.R.; Brosofske, K.D.; Gustafson, E.J. 2002. The patch mosaic and ecological decomposition across spatial scales in a managed landscape of northern Wisconsin, USA. Basic and Applied Ecology 3: 49-64.

Saunders, S.C.; Chen, J.; Drummer, T.D.; Gustafson, E.J.; Brosofske, K.D. 2005. Identifying scales of pattern in ecological data: a comparison of lacunarity, spectral, and wavelet analyses. Ecological Complexity 2: 87-105.

Saunders, S.C. 1999. Landscape Ecology and Edge Effects: the whys and wherefores. Educators’ Science and Mathematics Institute Series, invited workshop presentation. June 1999. [Professional presentation]

Saunders, S.C.; Chen, J.; Crow, T.R.; Brosofske, K.D. 1998. Multiscale relationships between microclimate and landscape structure in Chequamegon National Forest, WI. Invited oral presentation, National Forests Landscape Ecology Workshop, Rhinelander, WI, June 18, 1998. [Professional presentaion]

Saunders, S.C.; Chen, J.; Brosofske, K.D.; Crow, T.R. 1995. Predicting spatial and temporal patterns of microclimate in a managed forest landscape. Annual Meeting of the International Association for Landscape Ecology, Minneapolis, MN, April 1995. [Prefessional presentation]

Tweiten, Michael A. 2008. The history and ecology of jack pine budworm populations in northwestern Wisconsin. A dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Botany), University of Wisconsin-Madison. 143 pp. Report on file at the Northern Research Station, Rhinelander, Wisconsin.

Last Modified: 02/23/2017