New Station Publications

Welcome to the electronic version of the Northern Research Station's New Publications List 3 - 2014

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Northern Research Station

  1.  GTR-NRS-116.  ForGATE - A Forest Sector Greenhouse Gas Assessment Tool for Maine: Calibration and Overview.  Hennigar, Chris; Amos-Binks, Luke; Cameron, Ryan; Gunn, John; MacLean, David A.; Twery, Mark.  54p.  

This report describes the background calibration, inputs, and outputs of ForGATE, a forest sector greenhouse gas (GHG) accounting tool designed primarily to communicate information relevant to the evaluation of projected net GHG exchange in the context of Maine's forests, the Northeast forest sector, and alternative national or regional carbon (C) accounting guidelines. It also provides forest managers and policy makers with an easy-to-use tool for examining the relative merit (C credit revenue vs. project cost) of C offset projects and forest sector life cycle GHG accounting. GHG accounts include: 1) storage in aboveground and belowground live biomass and dead organic matter components; 2) storage in forest products in use and in landfill; 3) forest sector emissions by harvest, transport, and mills, or avoided emissions (substitution, bioenergy); as well as 4) landfill methane release and avoided emissions from methane energy capture. Different forest and forest product pools can be included in result summaries to reflect different C accounting guidelines (e.g., Climate Action Reserve, Voluntary Carbon Standard). Results can be compared for baseline and C offset project scenarios. Where possible, the marginal differences between baseline and project scenario performance indicators are calculated. All forest-level emission or storage measures are expressed in tonnes of CO2 equivalents for comparison purposes. Finally, economic indicators such as net present value and benefit-cost ratios for C offset projects can be evaluated using alternative assumptions for the value of stumpage, C credits, and offset project costs. The user enters their own inventory of stand type area by treatment regime data for baseline and offset project scenarios and can quickly adjust many GHG accounting parameters. ForGATE is available without charge from


  2.  GTR-P-NRS-117.  Proceedings, 18th Central Hardwood Forest Conference.  Miller, Gary W.; Schuler, Thomas M.; Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Brooks, John R.; Grushecky, Shawn T.; Spong, Ben D.; Rentch, James S., eds.  531p.  

Includes 44 papers and 41 abstracts pertaining to research conducted on biofuels and bioenergy, forest biometrics, forest ecology and physiology, forest economics, forest health including invasive species, forest soils and hydrology, geographic information systems, harvesting and utilization, silviculture, and wildlife management.


  3.  GTR-NRS-118.  Proposed BMPs for Invasive Plant Mitigation during Timber Harvesting Operations.  LeDoux, Chris B.; Martin, Danielle K.  12p.  

The invasion and spread of invasive plants is a major problem in forested ecosystems. Invasive plants can displace existing vegetation and in some cases take over the site. With the displacement of native vegetation come major ecosystem changes that may jeopardize ecological processes and functions as well as habitat for wildlife. The disturbance caused during timber harvesting processes creates conditions that encourage the establishment and spread of invasive plants. The machinery and traffic movement within a job site may introduce and spread seeds, roots, and plant parts from one job site to another. In this report, we address the timber harvesting processes and the disturbance that is created; explain how seeds, roots, and other parts of invasive plants can be spread; address the opportunity costs involved and those responsible; and propose voluntary BMPs for invasive plant mitigation during timber harvesting operations.


  4.  RB-NRS-79.  Assessing urban forest effects and values: Toronto's urban forest.  Nowak, David J.; Hoehn, Robert E. III; Bodine, Allison R.; Greenfield, Eric J.; Ellis, Alexis; Endreny, Theodore A.; Yang, Yang; Zhou, Tian; Henry, Ruthanne.  59p.  

An analysis of trees in Toronto, Ontario, reveals that this city has about 10.2 million trees with a tree and shrub canopy that covers approximately 26.6 percent of the city. The most common tree species are eastern white-cedar, sugar maple, and Norway maple. The urban forest currently stores an estimated 1.1 million metric tons of carbon valued at CAD$25.0 million. In addition, these trees remove about 46,700 metric tons of carbon per year (CAD$1.1 million per year) and about 1,905 metric tons of air pollution per year (CAD$16.9 million per year). Trees in Toronto are estimated to reduce annual residential energy costs by CAD$9.7 million per year. The compensatory value is estimated at CAD$7.1 billion. Information on the structure and functions of the urban forest can be used to improve and augment support for urban forest management programs and to integrate urban forests within plans to improve environmental quality in the Toronto area.


  5.  RB-NRS-80.  South Dakota timber industry: an assessment of timber product output and use, 2009.  Piva, Ronald J.; Josten, Gregory J.  34p.  

Presents recent South Dakota forest industry trends; production and receipts of industrial roundwood; and production of saw logs, veneer logs, pulpwood, and other products in 2009. Logging residue generated from timber harvest operations is reported, as well as wood and bark residue generated at primary wood-using mills and disposition of mill residues.


  6.  RB-NRS-81.  South Dakota's Forests 2010.  Piva, Ronald J.; Walters, Brian F.; Haugan, Douglas D.; Josten, Gregory J.; Butler, Brett J.; Crocker, Susan J.; Domke, Grant M.; Hatfield, Mark A.; Kurtz, Cassandra M.; Lister, Andrew J.; Lister, Tonya W.; Moser, W. Keith; Nelson, Mark D.; Woodall, Christopher W.  60p.  

The second completed annual inventory of South Dakota's forests reports 1.9 million acres of forest land. Softwood forests make up 68 percent of the total forest land area, with the ponderosa pine forest type by itself accounting for 60 percent of the total.


  7.  RN-NRS-195.  United States housing, 2012.  Alderman, Delton.  8p.  

Provides current and historical information on housing market in the United States. Information includes trends for housing permits and starts, housing completions for single and multifamily units, and sales and construction. This report will be updated annually.


Available Online Only

8.  RP-NRS-25.  Tree survival 15 years after the ice storm of January 1998.  Shortle, Walter C.; Smith, Kevin T.; Dudzik, Kenneth R.  4p.  

The regional ice storm of early January 1998 was a widespread disturbance for millions of acres of forest in northeastern New York, northern New England, and southern Quebec. Tree crowns were partially or totally lost as stems snapped and branches broke with the weight of the deposited ice. We tracked the effect of crown injury on a large sample of northern hardwood trees within the storm footprint. Comparisons of tree survivorship from 5 to 15 years after the storm showed that paper birch was most sensitive to storm impact followed by yellow birch. Root-rot disease present prior to the storm was associated with the high mortality of birch. Although dramatic, mortality associated with the storm during this period was consistent with mortality expected from normal stand development of northern hardwoods as illustrated by the hardwood stocking chart.


9.  GTR-NC-190.  Biology and conservation of owls of the Northern Hemisphere: 2nd International symposium.  Duncan, James R.; Johnson, David H.; Nicholls, Thomas H.  1-632p.  

The proceeding contains 91 papers authored by 143 people from 13 countries covering biology, ecology, monitoring, habitat-use, status conservation, education, genetics, toxicology, diet, migration, mortality and related topics concerning owls of the Northern Hemisphere. Thirty-three owl species are discussed. Information presented will be useful in owl conservation, management, identifying research needs and defining conservation priorities.


10.  RN-NRS-197.  United States housing, first quarter 2013.  Alderman, Delton.  11p.  

Provides current and historical information on housing market in the United States. Information includes trends for housing permits and starts, housing under construction, and housing completions for single and multifamily units, and sales and construction. This report will be updated regularly.


Resource Update

The following publications provide an overview of forest resource attributes for the respective State based on an annual inventory conducted by the Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program at the Northern Research Station of the U.S. Forest Service. These are available only online.

RU-FS-1.  Forests of Iowa, 2013.  Nelson, Mark D.; Brewer, Matt.  4p.  

RU-FS-2.  Forests of South Dakota, 2013.  Walters, Brian F.  4p.  

RU-FS-3.  Forests of Illinois, 2013.  Crocker, Susan J.  4p.  

RU-FS-4.  Forests of North Dakota, 2013.  Haugen, David E.  4p.  

RU-FS-6.  Forests of Wisconsin, 2013.  Perry, Charles H.  4p.  

RU-FS-7.  Forests of Michigan, 2013.  Pugh, Scott A.  4p.  

RU-FS-8.  Forests of Indiana, 2013.  Gormanson, Dale D.  4p.  

RU-FS-9.  Forests of Minnesota, 2013.  Miles, Patrick D.; VanderSchaaf, Curtis.  4p.  

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