New Station Publications

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Northern Research Station

  1.  GTR-NRS-111.  Social science at the wildland-urban interface: a compendium of research results to create fire-adapted communities.  Toman, Eric; Stidham, Melanie; McCaffrey, Sarah; Shindler, Bruce.  75p.  

Over the past decade, a growing body of research has been conducted on the human dimensions of wildland fire. As this research has matured, there has been a recognition of the need to examine the full body of resulting literature to synthesize disparate findings and identify lessons learned across studies. These lessons can then be applied to fostering fire-adapted communities—those communities that understand their risk and have taken action to mitigate their vulnerability and increase resilience. This compendium of social science research findings related to fire-adapted communities has resulted from a project funded by the Joint Fire Science Program. As part of these efforts, the research team reviewed more than 200 publications of research results. Then the team convened a workshop with 16 scientists who evaluated collective findings and discussed their application to support fire management activities. Within this document they describe their approach to completing this review and present key findings from the literature. The discussion is organized around five major topical areas: 1) homeowner/community mitigation, 2) public acceptance of fuels treatments on public lands, 3) homeowner actions during a fire, 4) postfire response and recovery, and 5) wildland fire policy and planning. The compendium concludes with a presentation of management implications and a bibliography of all material in this review.


  2.  GTR-NRS-113.  Site index comparisons for forest species in the Upper Great Lakes area of the United States and Canada.  Carmean, Willard H.; Hahn, Jerold T.; McRoberts, Ronald E.; Kaisershot, D.  39p.  

This report summarizes six studies that compare site index relations between 24 hardwood and conifer species in the Upper Great Lakes area of the United States and Canada. These six studies have many regression models and graphs for comparing site index between forest species thus providing tools for estimating site index for alternative tree species based on direct site index measurements using tree species actually present in forest stands. Thus the objective of this summary paper is to summarize these models so that we can provide the most accurate tools available for estimating the tree species that are most productive and economically valuable for management on each forest site.


  3.  GTR-P-NRS-114.  Proceedings, 23rd U.S. Department of Agriculture interagency research forum on invasive species 2012.  McManus, Katherine A; Gottschalk, Kurt W., eds.  126p.  

Contains abstracts and papers of 75 oral and poster presentations on invasive species biology, molecular biology, ecology, impacts, and management presented at the annual U.S. Department of Agriculture Interagency Research Forum on Invasive Species.


  4.  GTR-P-NRS-115.  Managing fine hardwoods after a half century of research: Proceedings of the Seventh Walnut Council Research Symposium.  Van Sambeek, J.W.; Jackson, Elizabeth A.; Coggeshall, Mark V.; Thomas, Andrew L.; Michler, Charles H. eds.  106p.  

This report presents information from the Seventh Walnut Council Research Symposium, held August 1-3, 2011. This report includes 14 papers and abstracts relating to economics and utilization, pest management, nursery production, plantation establishment, tree improvement, stand management, agroforestry, and nut production of black walnut, related Juglans species, and other high value hardwoods.


  5.  RB-NRS-76.  North Dakota's Forests 2010.  Haugen, David E.; Harsel, Robert; Bergdahl, Aaron; Claeys, Tom; Woodall, Christopher W.; Wilson, Barry T.; Crocker, Susan J.; Butler, Brett J.; Kurtz, Cassandra M.; Hatfield, Mark A.; Barnett, Charles H.; Domke, Grant; Kaisershot, Dan; Moser, W. Keith; Lister, Andrew J.; Gormanson, Dale D.  52p.  

The second annual inventory of North Dakota's forests reports more than 772,000 acres of forest land with an average volume of more than 921 cubic feet per acre. Forest land is dominated by the bur oak forest type, which occupies more than a third of the total forest land area. The poletimber stand-size class represents 39 percent of forest land, followed by sawtimber (32 percent) and saplings/seedlings (28 percent). The volume of growing stock currently totals more than 341 million cubic feet. The average annual net growth of growing stock on forest land from 2006 to 2010 was approximately 6.8 million cubic feet per year. This report includes additional information on forest attributes, land use change, carbon stocks, timber products, forest health, and statistics, methods, and quality assurance of data collection. Detailed information on forest inventory methods and data quality estimates is included in a DVD at the back of this report. Tables of population estimates and a glossary are also included.


  6.  RB-NRS-77.  North Dakota timber industry: an assessment of timber product output and use, 2009.  Haugen, David E.; Harsel, Robert A.  34p.  

Presents recent North Dakota forest industry trends; production and receipts of industrial roundwood; and production of saw logs and other products in 2009. Logging residue generated from timber harvest operations is reported, as well as wood and bark residue generated at primary wood-using mills and disposition of mill residues.


  7.  RB-NRS-78.  Wisconsin timber industry: an assessment of timber product output and use, 2008.  Haugen, David E.  110p.  

Presents recent Wisconsin forest industry trends; production and receipts of industrial roundwood; and production of saw logs, and other products in 2008. Logging residue generated from timber harvest operations is reported, as well as wood and bark residue generated at primary wood-using mills and disposition of mill residues.


  8.  RN-NRS-194.  Pyrolusite Process® to remove acid mine drainage contaminants from Kimble Creek in Ohio: A pilot study.  Hiremath, Shiv; Lehtoma, Kirsten; Nicklow, Mike; Willison, Gary.  12p.  

The Kimble Creek abandoned coal mine site, located on Wayne National Forest in southeastern Ohio, is among several abandoned coal mine sites that have been responsible for the acid mine drainage (AMD) polluting ground and surface water. Materials released by AMD include iron, aluminum, manganese, other hazardous substances, and acidity that are harmful to aquatic life. We tested at the Kimble Creek site the Pyrolusite Process®, a microbiological water treatment system that employs metal-oxidizing bacteria adsorbed on limestone rocks. The pilot treatment plant constructed was inoculated with a mixture (five strains) of metal-oxidizing bacteria. Water was examined at regular intervals for pH, concentrations of metals (Fe, Al, Mn, Mg, Zn, Ca), dissolved oxygen, temperature, conductivity, hardiness, sulfate and chloride contents, acidity, alkalinity, and dissolved solids. Results showed that the Prylosite Process consistently increased the pH of effluent water to above-neutral levels.


Available Online Only

9.  GTR-NRS-112.  Modeling the effects of emerald ash borer on forest composition in the Midwest and Northeast United States.  DeSantis, Ryan D.; Moser, W. Keith; Huggett, Robert J.; Li, Ruhong; Wear, David N.; Miles, Patrick D.  23p.  

The nonnative invasive emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire; EAB) has caused considerable damage to the ash (Fraxinus spp.) resource in North America. While there are methods to mitigate, contain, control, or even eradicate some nonnative invasive insects, EAB continues to spread across North America. Considering strong evidence suggesting >99 percent probability of host tree mortality, the loss of the North American ash resource is possible. To examine anticipated effects of EAB on tree species composition, we modeled future spatial and temporal changes in forest composition over the next 50 years with and without ash mortality anticipated from EAB spread. We used U.S. Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) data, the current extent of EAB in the United States and Canada, estimated spread rate and host mortality data, and a suite of human population, energy, consumption, land use, and economic models to project the future condition of forests in the Midwest and Northeast United States. Our results suggest that in most cases EAB will not have a substantial effect on ecosystem function of future forests measured by FIA because of the replacement of ash by other species. The transition from ash to other species may take many decades, but forests can eventually recover when a variety of associated species replace ash.


Resource Update

The following publications provide an overview of forest resource attributes for the respective State based on an annual inventory conducted by the Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program at the Northern Research Station of the U.S. Forest Service. These are available only online.

RN-NRS-183.  New Jersey's forest resources, 2012.  Crocker, S.J.  4p.  

RN-NRS-184.  Missouri's forest resources, 2012.  Moser, W.K.; Hansen, M.H.; Pugh, S.A.; Treiman, T.B.  5p.  

RN-NRS-185.  Pennsylvania's forest resources, 2012.  McCaskill, G.L.; McWilliams, W.H.; Barnett, C.J.  4p.  

RN-NRS-186.  Delaware's forest resources, 2012.  Lister, T.W.  4p.  

RN-NRS-187.  Ohio's forest resources, 2012.  Widmann, R.H.; Morin, R.S.  4p.  

RN-NRS-188.  Connecticut's forest resources, 2012.  Butler, Brett J.  3p.  

RN-NRS-189.  Massachusetts' forest resources, 2012.  Butler, Brett J.  3p.  

RN-NRS-190.  Rhode Island's forest resources, 2012.  Butler, Brett J.  3p.  

RN-NRS-191.  Maryland's forest resources, 2012.  Lister, T.W.; Perdue, J.  4p.  

RN-NRS-192.  West Virginia's forest resources, 2012.  Widmann, R.H.  4p.  

RN-NRS-193.  Wisconsin's forest resources, 2012.  Perry, C.H.  4p.  

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