New Station Publications

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Northern Research Station

  1.  GTR-NRS-88.  Methods and equations for estimating aboveground volume, biomass, and carbon for trees in the U.S. forest inventory, 2010.  Woodall, Christopher W.; Heath, Linda S.; Domke, Grant M.; Nichols, Michael C.  30p.  

The U.S. Forest Service, Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program uses numerous models and associated coefficients to estimate aboveground volume, biomass, and carbon for live and standing dead trees for most tree species in forests of the United States. The tree attribute models are coupled with FIA's national inventory of sampled trees to produce estimates of tree growing-stock volume, biomass, and carbon, which are available in the Forest Inventory and Analysis database (FIADB; To address an increasing need for accurate and easy-to-use documentation of relevant tree attribute models, needed individual tree gross volume, sound volume, biomass (including components), and carbon models for species in the United States are compiled and described in this publication with accompanying electronic files on a CD-ROM (13.4 MB Zip) included with the publication. This report describes models currently in use as of 2010. These models are subject to change as the FIADB and associated tree attribute models are improved.


  2.  GTR-NRS-89.  Best management practices for creating a community wildfire protection plan.  Jakes, Pamela J.; Esposito, Christine; Burns, Sam; Cheng, Antony S.; Nelson, Kristen C.; Sturtevant, Victoria E.; Williams, Daniel R.  27p.  

A community wildfire protection plan (CWPP) is a means of bringing local solutions to wildland fire management. In developing and implementing CWPPs, communities assume a leadership role in reducing wildfi re risk on federal and nonfederal land. In this publication, we identify best management practices for CWPP development and implementation based on the experiences of 13 communities in 8 states. These communities represent much of the social and ecological diversity found across the U.S. in the Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI)--where human development meets forested areas.


  3.  RB-NRS-53.  New Hampshire's Forests 2007.  Morin, Randall S.; Barnett, Chuck J.; Brand, Gary J.; Butler, Brett J.; Domke, Grant M.; Francher, Susan; Hansen, Mark H.; Hatfield, Mark A.; Kurtz, Cassandra M.; Moser, W. Keith; Perry, Charles H.; Piva, Ron; Riemann, Rachel; Woodall, Chris W.  56p.  

The first full annual inventory of New Hampshire's forests reports nearly 4.8 million acres of forest land with an average volume of nearly 2,200 cubic feet per acre. Forest land is dominated by the maple/beech/birch forest-type group, which occupies 53 percent of total forest land area. Fifty-seven percent of forest land consists of large-diameter trees, 32 percent contains medium-diameter trees, and 11 percent contains small-diameter trees. The volume of growing stock on timberland has been rising since the 1980s and currently totals nearly 9.5 billion cubic feet. The average annual net growth of growing stock on timberland from 1997 to 2007 is approximately 164 million cubic feet per year. Additional information is presented on forest attributes, land use change, carbon, timber products, and forest health. Detailed information on forest inventory methods and data quality estimates is included in a DVD at the back of the report. Tables of population estimates and a glossary are also included.


  4.  RB-NRS-54.  Missouri's forests 2008.  Raeker, Gus; Moser, W. Keith; Butler, Brett J.; Fleming, John; Gormanson, Dale D.; Hansen, Mark H.; Kurtz, Cassandra M.; Miles, Patrick D.; Morris, Mike; Treiman, Thomas B.  55p.  

The second full annual inventory of Missouri's forests (2004-2008) reports more than 15 million acres of forest land, almost all of which is timberland (98 percent), with an average volume of more than 1,117 cubic feet of growing stock per acre. White oak and black oak are the most abundant in terms of live tree volume. Eighty-three percent of the State's forest land is owned by private landowners. This report includes additional information on forest attributes, land use change, carbon, timber products,climate change, forest health, and the role of fire. A DVD included in this report includes 1) descriptive information on methods, statistics, and quality assurance of data collection, 2) a glossary of terms, 3) tables that summarize quality assurance, 4) a core set of tabular estimates for a variety of forest resources, and 5) a Microsoft Access database that represents an archive of data used in this report, with tools that allow users to produce customized estimates.


  5.  RB-NRS-55.  The Forests of Southern New England, 2007: A report on the forest resources of Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island.  Butler, Brett J.; Barnett, Charles J.; Crocker, Susan J.; Domke, Grant M.; Gormanson, Dale ; Hill, William N.; Kurtz, Cassandra M.; Lister, Tonya; Martin, Christopher; Miles, Patrick D.; Morin, Randall; Moser, W. Keith; Nelson, Mark D.; O'Connell, Barbara; Payton, Bruce; Perry, Charles H.; Piva, Ronald J.; Riemann, Rachel; Woodall, Christopher W.  48p.  

This report summarizes the results of the fifth forest inventory of the forests of Southern New England, defined as Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island, conducted by the U.S. Forest Service, Forest Inventory and analysis program. Information on forest attributes, ownership, land use change, carbon, timber products, forest health, and statistics and quality assurance of data collection are included. There are 5.1 million acres of forest land across the region; 60 percent of this forest land is in Massachusetts, 33 percent in Connecticut, and 7 percent in Rhode Island. This amount has decreased by 5 percent since the last inventory was completed in 1998. There are 2.6 billion trees on this forest land that have total volume of 12.6 billion cubic feet. Red maple and eastern white pine are the most common species in terms of both numbers of trees and volume. Fifty percent of the forest land is classified as the oak-hickory forest type.


  6.  RP-NRS-16.  Historical (1749-1899) vs. present-day sugar maple and beech diameter growth in the northeast.  Leak, William B.  4p.  

Possible environmental impacts in the Northeast from climate change, acid deposition, nutrient depletion, and other factors could retard tree growth and development in the northeastern United States. To gain insight into growth trends before the 20th century, approximately 150 years of radial growth records taken in 1899 on sugar maple and beech were examined and compared with recent published growth rates. Although additional comparative research is needed, there is little evidence of declines in growth rates since 1899.


Available Online Only

7.  RP-NRS-17.  Ten-year results from the long-term soil productivity study in aspen ecosystems of the northern Great Lakes region.  Voldseth, Richard; Palik, Brian J.; Elioff, John.  20p.  

Impacts of organic matter removal and compaction on soil properties and productivity are reported from the first 10 years of the Long-Term Soil Productivity Study in Great Lakes aspen ecosystems. Organic matter removal treatments included main bole, total tree harvest, and total tree harvest with forest floor removal. Compaction treatments included minimal compaction, moderate, and heavy compaction. Treatments were replicated on a clay loam, silt loam, and loamy sand soils. Compaction treatments on all soils increased bulk density above preharvest levels. In most cases, bulk density at year 10 was still above preharvest levels. Total carbon, nitrogen, and cations showed little or no impact from treatment. Compaction and organic matter removal impacted aboveground productivity, however the responses were variable. Aboveground production declined on the loam soil with moderate and heavy compaction. Production increased with moderate compaction on the loamy sand and clay loam soils, but significantly decreased with heavy compaction on clay loam soil. Total tree harvest with forest floor removal reduced production on the loamy sand and loam soils, while it increased production on the clay loam soil. Results from this study suggest that heavy compaction and/or high organic matter removals are detrimental to sustaining forest productivity.


8.  RB-NRS-56.  Nebraska's forests, 2005: statistics, methods, and quality assurance.  Miles, Patrick D.; Meneguzzo, Dacia M.; Barnett, Charles J.  80p.  

The first full annual inventory of Nebraska's forests was completed in 2005 after 8,335 plots were selected and 274 forested plots were visited and measured. This report includes detailed information on forest inventory methods, and data quality estimates. Tables of various important resource statistics are presented. Detailed analysis of the inventory data are presented in a separate publication (Resource Bulletin NRS-16, Meneguzzo et al. 2008).

This publication is a companion to Nebraska's Forest Resources, 2005, Resource Bulletin NRS-16.


9.  RB-NRS-57.  North Dakota's forests, 2005: statistics, methods, and quality assurance.  Miles, Patrick D.; Haugen, David E.; Barnett, Charles J.  65p.  

The first full annual inventory of North Dakota's forests was completed in 2005 after 7,622 plots were selected and 164 forested plots were visited and measured. This report includes detailed information on forest inventory methods and data quality estimates. Important resource statistics are included in the tables. A detailed analysis of the North Dakota inventory is presented in Resource Bulletin NRS-31.

This publication is a companion to North Dakota's forests 2005, Resource Bulletin NRS-31.


10.  RN-NRS-121.  Bulletin of hardwood market statistics: 2010.  Jones, Melody.  23p.  

Provides current and historical information on primary and secondary hardwood products, production, prices, international trade, and employment.


Resource Update

The following publications provide an overview of forest resource attributes for the respective State based on an annual inventory conducted by the Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program at the Northern Research Station of the U.S. Forest Service. These are available only online.

RN-NRS-122.  Pennsylvania's forest resources, 2010.  McCaskill, G.L.; McWilliams, W.H.; Barnett, C.J.  4p.  

RN-NRS-123.  Kansas' forest resources, 2010.  Moser, W.K.; Barnett, C.H.; Kurtz, C.M.; Atchison, R.A.  4p.  

RN-NRS-124.  Maryland's forest resources, 2010.  Lister, T.W.; Perdue, J.  4p.  

RN-NRS-125.  New Jersey's forest resources, 2010.  Crocker, S. J.  4p.  

RN-NRS-126.  New York's forest resources, 2010.  Widmann, R.H.; Crawford, S.  4p.  

RN-NRS-127.  West Virginia's forest resources, 2010.  Widmann, R.H.; Cook, G.W.  4p.  

RN-NRS-128.  Ohio's forest resources, 2010.  Widmann, R.H.  4p.  

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