New Station Publications

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Northern Research Station

  1.  GTR-NRS-54.  Urban and community forests of the North Central East region: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin.  Nowak, David J.; Greenfield, Eric J.  56 Pp.  

This report details how land cover and urbanization vary within the states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin by community (incorporated and census designated places), county subdivision, and county. Specifically this report provides critical urban and community forestry information for each state including human population characteristics and trends, changes in urban and community lands, tree canopy and impervious surface cover characteristics, distribution of land-cover classes, a relative comparison of urban and community forests among local government types, determination of priority areas for tree planting, and a summary of urban tree benefits. Report information can improve the understanding, management, and planning of urban and community forests. This data is reported for each state on the CD provided in the back of this book and may be accessed by state at: http://www.nrs.fs.fed.us/data/urban.

 

  2.  GTR-NRS-55.  Methods for collecting ash (Fraxinus spp.) seeds.  Knight, Kathleen S.; Karrfalt, Robert P.; Mason, Mary E.  14p.  

The threat of emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) has necessitated ash seed collection to preserve the ash genetic resource. For ash species found only in natural areas, we have developed seed collection methods that require no special training or certification. Collection techniques for natural areas include pole pruners for branches lower than 30 ft (9 m) and ropes or rope saws for higher branches. Seed collection must be timed correctly by examining samara color, seed coat color, and embryo size to be sure that seeds are fully mature. Documentation of seed identity and post-harvest handling of seeds are discussed.

 

  3.  GTR-NRS-56.  Urban and community forests of the North Central West region: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota.  Nowak, David J.; Greenfield, Eric J.  70p.  

This report details how land cover and urbanization vary within the states of Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota by community (incorporated and census designated places), county subdivision, and county. Specifically this report provides critical urban and community forestry information for each state including human population characteristics and trends, changes in urban and community lands, tree canopy and impervious surface cover characteristics, distribution of land-cover classes, a relative comparison of urban and community forests among local government types, determination of priority areas for tree planting, and a summary of urban tree benefits. Report information can improve the understanding, management, and planning of urban and community forests. This data is reported for each state on the CD provided in the back of this book and may be accessed by state at:
http://www.nrs.fs.fed.us/data/urban.

 

  4.  GTR-NRS-57.  An annotated bibliography of scientific literature on managing forests for carbon benefits.  Hines, Sarah J.; Heath, Linda S.; Birdsey, Richard A.  49p.  

Managing forests for carbon benefits is a consideration for climate change, bioenergy, sustainability, and ecosystem services. A rapidly growing body of scientific literature on forest carbon management includes experimental, modeling, and synthesis approaches, at the stand- to landscape- to continental-level. We conducted a search of the scientific literature on the topic of managing forests for carbon, and compiled an annotated list of citations. We chose to focus specifically on studies that addressed carbon in aboveground carbon pools, at both the micro (tree, stand) and macro (landscape, policy) levels. Aboveground pools include: live tree, understory, standing dead wood, down dead wood, and forest floor. The temporal scope of the literature search was the period 2000-2008 and the geographical scope was the temperate and boreal forests mainly in the United States, but also Canada, Europe, Russia, Japan, China, New Zealand, and Australia.

 

  5.  RB-NRS-37.  Assessing urban forest effects and values, Chicago's urban forest.  Nowak, David J.; Hoehn, Robert E. III; Crane, Daniel E.; Stevens, Jack C.; Fisher, Cherie Leblanc.  27p.  

An analysis of trees in Chicago, IL, reveals that this city has about 3,585,000 trees with canopies that cover 17.2 percent of the area. The most common tree species are white ash, mulberry species, green ash, and tree-of-heaven. Chicago's urban forest currently stores about 716,000 tons of carbon valued at $14.8 million. In addition, these trees remove about 25,200 tons of carbon per year ($521,000 per year) and about 888 tons of air pollution per year ($6.4 million per year). Trees in Chicago are estimated to reduce annual residential energy costs by $360,000 per year. The structural, or compensatory, value is estimated at $2.3 billion. Information on the structure and functions of the urban forest can be used to inform urban forest management programs and to integrate urban forests within plans to improve environmental quality in the Chicago area.

 

  6.  RB-NRS-38.  Iowa timber industry--an assessment of timber product output and use, 2005.  Haugen, David E.; Michel, Dennis D.  62p.  

Reports findings of a survey of all primary wood-using mills in Iowa in 2005 and compares those findings with earlier surveys. Production and receipts of industrial roundwood are reported by product, species, and county. Also reports the quantity, type, and disposition of wood and bark residues generated by Iowa's primary wood-using industry.

 

  7.  RP-NRS-9.  Seed bank response to prescribed fire in the central Appalachians..  Schuler, Thomas M.; Thomas Van-Gundy, Melissa; Adams, Mary B.; Ford, W. Mark.  9p.  

Pre- and post-treatment seed-bank characteristics of woody species were compared after two prescribed fires in a mesic mixed-oak forest in the central Appalachians. Nineteen woody species were identified from soil samples. Mean species richness declined but evenness did not after prescribed burning. The seed bank was dominated by black birch, yellow-poplar, blackberry, grapevine and Hercules club before burning. Following burning, the median density of seed bank propagules declined by 45 percent. Black birch, yellow-poplar, and grapevine declined by 69, 56, and 40 percent, respectively. The results illustrate the importance of the seed bank as a robust source of non-oak regeneration in mixed-oak forests and of the potential effect of fire in altering it.

 

  8.  RP-NRS-11.  Evaluation of techniques for determining the density of fine woody debris.  Fasth, Becky; Harmon, Mark E.; Woodall, Christopher W.; Sexton, Jay.  18p.  

Evaluated various techniques for determining the density (i.e., bulk density) of fine woody debris during forest inventory activities. It was found that only experts in dead wood inventory may be able to identify fine woody debris stages of decay. Suggests various future research directions such as development of a 2-class fine woody debris decay class system.

 

  9.  RP-NRS-12.  A multi-criteria decisionmaking approach to management indicator species selection for the Monongahela National Forest, West Virginia..  Moseley, Kurtis R.; Ford, W.Mark; Edwards, John W.; Strager, Michael P.  22p.  

The management indicator species concept is useful for land managers charged with monitoring and conserving complex biological diversity over large landscapes with limited available resources. We used the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) to determine the best management indicator species (MIS) for three management objectives of the Monongahela National Forest (MNF) in West Virginia. We compiled a set of alternative MIS, including current MNF MIS, for each objective based on a literature review of species-habitat relations in the Appalachian Mountain region. We believe the AHP is an effective tool for MIS selection, particularly within complex Appalachian ecosystems, because it provides a formal structured decision procedure, has a strong theoretical foundation, accommodates incomplete ecological data, and offers transparency to the MIS decisionmaking process.

 

  10.  RB-NRS-34.  Michigan's forests 2004.  Pugh, Scott A.; Hansen, Mark H.; Pedersen, Lawrence D.; Heym, Douglas C.; Butler, Brett J.; Crocker, Susan J.; Meneguzzo, Dacia; Perry, Charles H.; Haugen, David E.; Woodall, Christopher; Jepsen, Ed.  1-210p.  

The first annual inventory of Michigan's forests, completed in 2004, covers more than 19.3 million acres of forest land. The data in this report are based on visits to 10,355 forested plots from 2000 to 2004. In addition to detailed information on forest attributes, this report includes data on forest health, biomass, land-use change, and timber-product outputs.

 

Available Online Only

11.  GTR-NRS-60.  Hardwood crown injuries and rebuilding following ice storms: a literature review.  Kraemer, Martin J.; Nyland, Ralph D.  29p.  

Ice storms occur frequently in northeastern North America. They damage and kill trees, change the structural characteristics of a forest, and may importantly alter the goods and services that owners realize from their land. This literature review summarizes 90 years of relevant information, mainly from fairly short term studies published between 1904 and 2006. It documents ice storm severity and the effects on hardwood branch loss, primarily among upper canopy trees; methods for estimating and classifying hardwood crown damage; and factors influencing epicormic branch formation on hardwood trees. It also summarizes management recommendations for dealing with crown loss and for managing stands after damage by ice storms.

 

Resource Update

The following publications provide an overview of forest resource attributes for the respective State based on an annual inventory conducted by the Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program at the Northern Research Station of the U.S. Forest Service. These are available only online.


RN-NRS-44.  Connecticut's forest resources, 2007.  Butler, Brett J.; Martin, Christopher; McWilliams, William; O'Connell, Barbara.  5p.  

RN-NRS-45.  Connecticut's forest resources, 2008.  Butler, Brett J.; Martin, Christopher; O'Connell, Barbara.  4p.  

RN-NRS-46.  Massachusetts' forest resources, 2007.  Butler, Brett J.; Boyce, Gordon; McWilliams, William; O'Connell, Barbara.  5p.  

RN-NRS-47.  Massachusetts' forest resources, 2008.  Butler, Brett J.; Boyce, Gordon; McWilliams, William; O'Connell, Barbara.  4p.  

RN-NRS-48.  Rhode Island's forest resources, 2007.  Butler, Brett J.; McWilliams, William; O'Connell, Barbara; Payton, Bruce.  5p.  

RN-NRS-49.  Rhode Island's forest resources, 2008.  Butler, Brett J.; O'Connell, Barbara; Payton, Bruce.  4p.  

RN-NRS-50.  Michigan's forest resources, 2008.  Pugh, S.A.  4p.  

RN-NRS-51.  Maine's forest resources, 2006.  McCaskill, G.L.; McWilliams, W.H.; Butler, B.J.; Barnett, C.J.; Hansen, M.H.  5p.  

RN-NRS-52.  Maine's forest resources, 2007.  McCaskill, G.L.; McWilliams, W.H.; Butler, B.J.; Meneguzzo, D.M.; Barnett, C.J.; Hansen, M.H.  4p.  

RN-NRS-53.  Maine's forest resources, 2008.  McCaskill, G.L.; McWilliams, W.H.; Butler, B.J.; Meneguzzo, D.M.; Barnett, C.J.; Hansen, M.H.  4p.  

RN-NRS-54.  Vermont's forest resources, 2007.  Morin, R.S.; McCaskill, G.M.; McWilliams, W.; De Geus, R.  5p.  

RN-NRS-55.  Vermont's forest resources, 2008.  Morin, R.S.; Butler, B.J.; De Geus, R.  4p.  

RN-NRS-56.  New Hampshire's forest resources, 2007.  Morin, R.S.; McCaskill, G.M.; McWilliams, W.; Tansey, M.  5p.  

RN-NRS-57.  New Hampshire's forest resources, 2008.  Morin, R.S.; Butler, B.J.; Tansey, M.  4p.  

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