New Station Publications

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Northern Research Station

  1.  GTR-NRS-47.  Urban and community forests of the Mid-Atlantic region: New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania.  Nowak, David J.; Greenfield, Eric J.  38 pp.  

This report details how land cover and urbanization vary within the states of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania by community (incorporated and census designated places), county subdivision, and county. Specifically this report provides critical urban and community forestry information for each state including human population characteristics and trends, changes in urban and community lands, tree canopy and impervious surface cover characteristics, distribution of land-cover classes, a relative comparison of urban and community forests among local government types, determination of priority areas for tree planting, and a summary of urban tree benefits. Report information can improve the understanding, management, and planning of urban and community forests. The data from this report is reported for each state on the CD provided in the back of this book, and it may be accessed by state at: http://www.nrs.fs.fed.us/data/urban.

 

  2.  GTR-NRS-48.  Effects of herbicide concentration and application timing on the control of beech root and stump sprouts using the cut-stump treatment.  Kochenderfer, Jeffrey D.; Kochenderfer, James N.  10p.  

Application costs and efficacy for two concentrations of herbicide and treatment time intervals were determined for cut-stump treatments applied to American beech (Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.) to control root and stump sprouts in central West Virginia. Glyphosate as GlyproTM (53.8 percent a.i.) was applied to the outer 2 inches of beech stumps from trees =6.0 inches in diameter at breast height within 0 to 1 and 3 to 4 hours after cutting. In addition, the effects on efficacy of using two concentrations of GlyproTM (50 and 100 percent) were also evaluated. This study demonstrated that a 50-percent solution of GlyproTM was just as effective as a 100-percent solution and that an applicator could wait up to 4 hours after stems had been cut before applying the herbicide, without reducing efficacy.

 

  3.  GTR-NRS-49.  Multiscale habitat suitability index models for priority landbirds in the Central Hardwoods and West Gulf Coastal Plain/Ouachitas Bird Conservation Regions.  Tirpak, John M.; Jones-Farrand, D. Todd; Thompson, Frank R., III; Twedt, Daniel J.; Uihlein, William B., III.  1-195p.  

Habitat Suitability Index (HSI) models were developed to assess habitat quality for 40 priority bird species in the Central Hardwoods and West Gulf Coastal Plain/Ouachitas Bird Conservation Regions. The models incorporated both site and landscape environmental variables from one of six nationally consistent datasets. Potential habitat was first defined from unique landform, landcover, and successional age class combinations. Species-specific environmental variables identified from the literature were used to refine initial habitat estimates. Models were verified by comparing subsection-level HSI scores and Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) abundance via Spearman rank correlation. Generalized linear models that predicted BBS abundance as a function of HSI were used to validate models.

 

  4.  GTR-NRS-50.  Urban and community forests of the Southern Atlantic region: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia.  Nowak, David J.; Greenfield, Eric J.  1-85p.  

This report details how land cover and urbanization vary within the states of Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; and the District of Columbia by community (incorporated and census designated places), county subdivision, and county. Specifically this report provides critical urban and community forestry information for each state including human population characteristics and trends, changes in urban and community lands, tree canopy and impervious surface cover characteristics, distribution of land-cover classes, a relative comparison of urban and community forests among local government types, determination of priority areas for tree planting, and a summary of urban tree benefits. Report information can improve the understanding, management, and planning of urban and community forests. This data is reported for each state on the CD provided in the back of this book and may be accessed by state at: http://www.nrs.fs.fed.us/data/urban.

 

  5.  GTR-P-NRS-51.  Proceedings. 20th U.S. Department of Agriculture interagency research forum on invasive species 2009.  McManus, Katherine A; Gottschalk, Kurt W.  114p.  

Contains abstracts and papers of 73 oral and poster presentations on invasive species biology, molecular biology, ecology, impacts, and management presented at the annual U.S. Department of Agriculture Interagency Research Forum on Invasive Species.

 

  6.  GTR-NRS-52.  A Guide to nonnative invasive plants inventoried in the north by Forest Inventory and Analysis.  Olson, Cassandra; Cholewa, Anita F.  191p.  

The Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program of the U.S. Forest Service is an ongoing endeavor mandated by Congress to determine the extent, condition, volume, growth, and depletions of timber on the Nation's forest land. FIA has responded to a growing demand for other information about our forests including, but not limited to, soils, vegetation, down woody material, and invasive plants. The intent of this guide is to aid FIA field staff in identifying 44 invasive plant species in the 24-state Northern Research Station region (Maine south to Delaware west to Kansas and north to North Dakota). However, this guide can be used by anyone interested in learning about these invasive plants. It contains distribution maps, short descriptions, space for notes, and numerous pictures of each plant.

 

  7.  GTR-NRS-53.  FIA national assessment of data quality†for forest health indicators.  Westfall, James A.  80p.  

The Forest Inventory and Analysis program of the U.S. Forest Service collects field data to assess the condition and trends of the nation's forest resources. A quality assurance program is implemented to assure that data are collected accurately with consistent protocols. A random subset of field plots is chosen to receive an additional, independent measurement by another field crew. This 'blind check' approach allows for comparison of measurements between the two crews. The measurement differences are evaluated against measurement quality objectives, which specify a level of measurement precision for each attribute. This information should be useful to data collection experts, as variables having poor measurement repeatability can be identified and examined for potential resolution. The results may also be of interest to analysts and researchers wanting to evaluate whether the repeatability of measurements is sufficient for their respective studies.

 

  8.  RB-NRS-35.  South Dakota's forests 2005.  Piva, Ronald J.; Moser, W. Keith; Haugan, Douglas D.; Josten, Gregory J.; Brand, Gary J.; Butler, Brett J.; Crocker, Susan J.; Hansen, Mark H.; Meneguzzo, Dacia M.; Perry, Charles H.; Woodall, Christopher W.  1-96p.  

The first completed annual inventory of South Dakota's forests reports almost 1.7 million acres of forest land. Softwood forests make up 74 percent of the total forest land area; the ponderosa pine forest type by itself accounts for 69 percent of the total.

 

  9.  RB-NRS-36.  Ohio forests: 2006.  Widmann, Richard H.; Balser, Dan; Barnett, Charles; Butler, Brett J.; Griffith, Douglas M.; Lister, Tonya W.; Moser, W. Keith; Perry, Charles H.; Riemann, Rachel; Woodall, Christopher W.  1-119p.  

This report summarizes annual forest inventories conducted in Ohio from 2001 to 2006 by the Northern Research Station's Forest Inventory and Analysis unit. Ohio's forest land covers 7.9 million acres or 30 percent of the State's land area, changing little in forest land area since 1991. Of this land, 5.8 million acres (73 percent) are held by family forest owners. The current growing-stock inventory is 12.3 billion cubic feet--2 percent more than in 1991--and averages 1,603 cubic feet per acre. Yellow-poplar continues to lead in volume followed by red and sugar maples. Since 1991, the saw log portion of growing-stock volume has increased by 35 percent to 41 billion board feet. In the latest inventory, net growth exceeded removals for all major species except elm.

 

  10.  RN-NRS-38.  Specific gravity and other properties of wood and bark for 156 tree species found in North America.  Miles, Patrick D.; Smith, W. Brad.  35p.  

This paper reports information for the estimation of biomass for 156 tree species found in North America for use in national forest inventory applications. We present specific gravities based on average green volume as well as 12 percent moisture content volume for calculation of oven-dry biomass. Additional information is included on bark thickness, bark voids, and bark percentages by species and green and dry weight of wood and bark.

Note: Values in Table 5 were corrected on Feb. 10, 2010. See page 35 of this publication.

 

  11.  RP-NRS-8.  Notes on foraging activity of female Myotis leibii in Maryland.  Johnson, Joshua B.; Gates, J. Edward; Ford, W. Mark.  1-8p.  

Information on home range and habitat characteristics of eastern small-footed myotis (Myotis leibii) consist only of anecdotal accounts and unpublished research despite the need for such data for conservation of this rare species. We used radio telemetry to determine foraging site selection of four female eastern small-footed myotis in Allegany County, Maryland, in spring 2007. These bats foraged within 1.8 km of their diurnal roosts and had home ranges of <100 ha. Distance-based analysis of habitat use for one foraging bat showed that it foraged farther from the Potomac River and adjacent wetlands, and closer to hilltop forests than random, conforming to expectations based on their low wing loading and broadband, high frequency echolocation call characteristics.

 

  12.  RMAP-NRS-1.  Border Lakes land-cover classification.  Bauer, Marvin; Loeffelholz, Brian; Shinneman, Doug.  14p.  

This document contains metadata and description of land-cover classification of approximately 5.1 million acres of land bordering Minnesota, U.S.A. and Ontario, Canada. The classification focused on the separation and identification of specific forest-cover types. Some separation of the nonforest classes also was performed. The classification was derived from multi-temporal Landsat TM/ETM+ imagery (collected from the years 1999-2001) using eCognition segmentation software to identify stands and the kNN algorithm to perform the spectral classification. Reference data sites were obtained for Minnesota from the Forest Inventory and Monitoring program dataset and for Ontario from the Forest Resource Inventory program. This dataset was created as an input layer in the LANDIS-II forest landscape model for simulation of future forest disturbance and compositional change over the Border Lakes landscape.

 

Available Online Only

13.  RN-NRS-37.  Bulletin of hardwood market statistics: 2008.  Cochran, Melody.  1-24p.  

Provides current and historical information on primary and secondary hardwood products, production, prices, international trade, and employment.

 

Resource Update

The following publications provide an overview of forest resource attributes for the respective State based on an annual inventory conducted by the Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program at the Northern Research Station of the U.S. Forest Service. These are available only online.


RN-NRS-39.  Kansas' forest resources, 2008.  Moser, W.K.; Hansen, M.H.; Butler, B.J.; Atchison, R.L.  4p.  

RN-NRS-40.  Missouriís forest resources, 2008.  Moser, W.K.; Hansen, M.H.; Butler, B.J.; Treiman, T.B.  4p.  

RN-NRS-41.  Minnesota's forest resources, 2008.  Miles, P.D.; Heinzen, D.  4p.  

RN-NRS-42.  Wisconsin's forest resources, 2008.  Perry, C.H.  4p.  

RN-NRS-43.  Iowa's forest resources, 2008.  Nelson, M.D.; Brewer, M.; Flickinger, A.; Feeley, T.  4p.  

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