New Station Publications

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Northern Research Station

  3.  GTR-NRS-41.  Guía del Operador del Molino Preliminar -- 2009.  Wiedenbeck, Jan; Mitchell, Philip H.; Ammerman, Bobby; Saloni, Daniel.  1-55p.  

Los fabricantes de productos de madera requieren de una recuperación eficiente de los productos de la madera para que el negocio se mantenga lucrativo. La habilidad de una compañía para obtener el mayor rendimiento en las operaciones de corte de madera (e.g. Molino preliminar) puede variar de acuerdo a la material prima, productos, equipo de procesamiento, ambiente de procesamiento y conocimiento y destrezas de los trabajadores del molino preliminar. Este libro presenta ciertos principios fundamentales que pueden ayudar a los fabricantes a entender y resolver problemas de producción y rendimiento. Esta publicación esta inspirada por una publicación del 1981 titulada Guía del Operador del Molino Preliminar escrita por Edward K. Pepke y Michael J. Kroon. Esta versión contemporánea de la guía de Pepke-Kroon enfatiza la existencia de tecnologías basadas en computadoras y la disponibilidad de nuevos equipos para establecer el orden de corte en los molinos preliminares del mundo actual.


  4.  GTR-NRS-43.  SOLVE The performance analyst for hardwood sawmills.  Palmer, Jeff; Wiedenbeck, Jan; Porterfield, Elizabeth.  1-44p.  

Presents the users manual and CD-ROM for SOLVE, a computer program that helps sawmill managers improve efficiency and solve problems commonly found in hardwood sawmills. SOLVE provides information on key operational factors including log size distribution, lumber grade yields, lumber recovery factor and overrun, and break-even log costs. (Microsoft Windows? Edition)


  5.  GTR-NRS-44.  Photo guide for estimating risk to hardwood trees during prescribed burning operations in eastern oak forests.  Brose, Patrick H.  1-95p.  

A field guide of 40 photographs of common hardwood trees of eastern oak forests and fuel loadings surrounding their bases. The guide contains instructions on how to rapidly assess a tree's likelihood to be damaged or killed by prescribed burning.


  6.  GTR-NRS-45.  Photo guide for estimating fuel loading and fire behavior in mixed-oak forests of the Mid-Atlantic Region.  Brose, Patrick H.  1-104p.  

A field guide of 45 pairs of photographs depicting ericaceous shrub, leaf litter, and logging slash fuel types of eastern oak forests and observed fire behavior of these fuel types during prescribed burning. The guide contains instructions on how to use the photo guide to choose appropriate fuel models for prescribed fire planning.


  7.  GTR-P-NRS-46.  Proceedings of the 3rd fire in eastern oak forests conference.  Hutchinson, Todd F., ed.  1-154p.  

Contains 10 full-length papers and 12 abstracts of posters that were presented at the 3rd Fire in Eastern Oak Forests conference, held in Carbondale, IL, May 20-22, 2008. The conference was attended by over 200 people from a variety of groups, including federal and state agencies, nongovernmental organizations, universities, and private citizens.

Information on page 66 of this publication was updated on Aug. 18, 2009.


  8.  RB-NRS-29.  Illinois' Forests 2005.  Crocker, Susan J.; Brand, Gary J.; Butler, Brett J.; Haugen, David E.; Little, Dick C.; Meneguzzo, Dacia M.; Perry, Charles H.; Piva, Ronald J.; Wilson, Barry T.; Woodall, Christopher W.  1-114p.  

The first full, annualized inventory of Illinois' forests reports more than 4.5 million acres of forest land with an average of 459 trees per acre. Forest land is dominated by oak/hickory forest types, which occupy 65 percent of total forest land area. Seventy-two percent of forest land consists of sawtimber, 20 percent contains poletimber, and 8 percent contains sapling/seedlings. The volume of growing stock on timberland has been rising since 1948 and currently totals 6.8 billion cubic feet. The average annual net growth of growing stock from 1998 to 2005 is 327 million cubic feet per year. Additional information on forest attributes, changing land use patterns, timber products, and forest health is included in this report.


  9.  RB-NRS-31.  North Dakota's forests 2005.  Haugen, David E.; Kangas, Michael; Crocker, Susan J.; Perry, Charles H.; Woodall, Christopher W.; Butler, Brett J.; Wilson, Barry T.; Kaisershot, Dan J.  1-82p.  

The first completed annual inventory of North Dakota's forests reports estimates of more than 724,000 acres of forest land. Information about forest attributes and forest health is presented along with information on agents of change including changing land use patterns and the introduction of nonnative plants, insects, and disease.


  10.  RB-NRS-34.  Michigan's forests 2004.  Pugh, Scott A.; Hansen, Mark H.; Pedersen, Lawrence D.; Heym, Douglas C.; Butler, Brett J.; Crocker, Susan J.; Meneguzzo, Dacia; Perry, Charles H.; Haugen, David E.; Woodall, Christopher; Jepsen, Ed.  1-210p.  

The first annual inventory of Michigan's forests, completed in 2004, covers more than 19.3 million acres of forest land. The data in this report are based on visits to 10,355 forested plots from 2000 to 2004. In addition to detailed information on forest attributes, this report includes data on forest health, biomass, land-use change, and timber-product outputs.


  11.  RP-NRS-7.  Identification of a small heat-shock protein associated with a ras-mediated signaling pathway in ectomycorrhizal symbiosis.  Hiremath, Shiv; Lehtoma, Kirsten; Podila, Gopi K.  1-8p.  

Initiation, development, and establishment of a functional ectomycorrhiza involve a series of biochemical events mediated by a number of genes from the fungus as well as the host plant. We have identified a heat shock protein gene from Laccaria bicolor (Lbhsp) that appears to play a role in these events. The size and characteristics of Lbhsp suggest that it belongs to the family of small heat-shock proteins described in the literature. Nucleotide sequencing of an almost full length cDNA indicated that the Lbhsp mRNA is about 611 nucleotides long and codes for a single protein of ~ 17 kDa. Isolation and characterization of the Lbhsp gene showed that it was made up of three exons separated by two small introns. Southern analysis suggested that the L. bicolor genome contains at least two copies of the Lbhsp gene. Temporal expression analyses revealed that the gene is expressed within 4 to 12 hours after interaction with red pine roots. The yeast two-hybrid studies showed that the Lbhsp was closely associated with the ras gene (Lbras) described earlier. The data suggest that Lbhsp may play a supporting role in ras-mediated mycorrhizal signaling pathways during various stages of ectomycorrhizal development.


  12.  RB-NRS-27.  Nebraska's forests, 2005.  Meneguzzo, Dacia M.; Butler, Brett J.; Crocker, Susan J.; Haugen, David E.; Moser, W. Keith; Perry, Charles H.; Wilson, Barry T.; Woodall, Christopher W.  1-94p.  

Results of the first annual inventory of Nebraska's forests (2001-05) show an estimated 1.24 million acres of forest land; 1.17 million acres meet the definition of timberland. Softwood forest types account for one-third of all forest land area, with ponderosa pine being the most prevalent type. Hardwood forest types comprise 58 percent of Nebraska's forest land. Elm/ash/cottonwood is the predominant forest-type group in the State, accounting for 26 percent of all forest land area. Live-tree volume on timberland increased from 1.3 to 1.8 billion cubic feet between the 1994 and 2005 inventories. This report includes information on forest attributes, forest health, and agents of change: the introduction of nonnative invasive plants, insects and diseases, and the rapid expansion of eastern redcedar.


  13.  RB-NRS-26.  Kansas forests 2005.  Moser, W. Keith; Hansen, Mark H.; Atchison, Robert L.; Brand, Gary J.; Butler, Brett J.; Crocker, Susan J.; Meneguzzo, Dacia M.; Nelson, Mark D.; Perry, Charles H.; Reading, William H. IV; Wilson, Barry T.; Woodall, Christopher W.  1-125p.  

The first completed annual inventory of Kansas forests reports 2.1 million acres of forest land, roughly 4 percent of the total land area in the State. Softwood forests account for nearly 5 percent of the total timberland area. Oak/hickory forest types make up 56 percent of the total hardwood forest land area. Elm/ash/cottonwood accounts for more than 30 percent of the timberland area. The proportion of Kansas' timberland with trees 19 inches and larger remained about the same over the last 40 years (38 percent in 1965 versus 38 percent today). Kansas' forests have continued to increase in volume. In 2005, net volume of growing stock on timberland was an estimated 1.5 billion cubic feet compared with 0.5 billion cubic feet in 1965. Live-tree biomass on forest land in Kansas amounted to 72.3 million dry tons in 2005. More than 3 percent was in small stands, 26 percent was in medium-size stands, and 71 percent was in large stands. Oak species account for nearly 15 percent. About 95 percent of Kansas forest land is held by private landowners.


  14.  RB-NRS-23.  Wisconsin's forests, 2004.  Perry, Charles H. (Hobie); Everson, Vern A.; Brown, Ian K.; Cummings-Carlson, Jane; Dahir, Sally E.; Jepsen, Edward A.; Kovach, Joe; Labissoniere, Michael D.; Mace, Terry R.; Padley, Eunice A.; Rideout, Richard B.; Butler, Brett J.; Crocker, Susan J.; Liknes, Greg C.; Morin, Randall S.; Nelson, Mark D.; Wilson, Barry T. (Ty); Woodall, Christopher W.  1-104p.  

The first full, annualized inventory of Wisconsin's forests was completed in 2004 after 6,478 forested plots were visited. There are more than 16.0 million acres of forest land in the Wisconsin, nearly half of the State's land area; 15.8 million acres meet the definition of timberland. The total area of both forest land and timberland continues an upward trend that began in the 1960s. Red maple, sugar maple, and quaking aspen are the most common trees with diameters at breast height greater than 5 inches; there are 298, 250, and 244 million trees of these species, respectively. Aspen is the most common forest type, followed by sugar maple/beech/yellow birch, and white oak/red oak/hickory. This report includes detailed information on forest attributes and health and on agents of change such as the introduction of nonnative plants, insects, and diseases and changing land-use patterns.


  15.  RB-NRS-20.  Pennsylvania's Forest 2004.  McWilliams, William H.; Cassell, Seth P.; Alerich, Carol L.; Butler, Brett J.; Hoppus, Michael L.; Horsley, Stephen B.; Lister, Andrew J.; Lister, Tonya W.; Morin, Randall S.; Perry, Charles H.; Westfall, James A.; Wharton, Eric H.; Woodall, Christopher W.  1-86p.  

Pennsylvania's forest-land base is stable, covering 16.6 million acres or 58 percent of the land area. Sawtimber volume totals 88.9 billion board feet, an average of about 5,000 board feet per acre. Currently, only half of the forest land that should have advance tree seedling and sapling regeneration is adequately stocked with high-canopy species, and only one-third has adequate regeneration for commercially desirable timber species. Several exotic diseases and insects threaten the health of Pennsylvania's forests. Stressors such as drought, acidic deposition, and ground-level ozone pollution are adversely affecting the State's forests.


  16.  RB-NRS-10.  Missouri's forests 1999-2003 (Part A).  Moser, W. Keith; Hansen, Mark H.; Treiman, Thomas B.; Leatherberry, Earl C.; Jepsen, Ed; Olson, Cassandra L.; Perry, Charles H.; Piva, Ronald J.; Woodall, Christopher W.; Brand, Gary J.  79 pp.  

The first completed annual inventory of Missouri's forests reports more than 14.6 million acres of forest land. Softwood forests make up 4 percent of the total forest land area; oak/hickory forest types make up about three-fourths of the total hardwood forest land area. Missouri's forests have continued to increase in volume, with all-live tree volume on forest land in Missouri an estimated 18 billion cubic feet compared to 9 billion cubic feet in 1972. All-live tree biomass on forest land in Missouri amounted to 573 million dry tons in 1999-2003. Almost 9 percent was in small trees, 74 percent was in growing-stock trees, and 17 percent was in non-growing-stock trees. Softwood growth was 44.1 million cubic feet per year and hardwood growth was 585.3 million cubic feet per year. Oak species constitute roughly three-fourths of the volume and three-fourths of the harvest. Total net all-live volume of oaks on timberland increased by 24 percent between 1989 and 2003. More than 82 percent of Missouri?s forest land is held by private landowners.


  17.  RB-NRS-12.  Minnesota's forests 1999-2003 (Part A).  Miles, Patrick D.; Jacobson, Keith; Brand , Gary J.; Jepsen, Ed; Meneguzzo, Dacia; Mielke, Manfred E.; Olson, Cassandra; Perry, Charles H. (Hobie); Piva, Ronald J.; Wilson, Barry Tyler; Woodall, Christopher.  92 pp.  

The first completed annual inventory of Minnesota's forests reports more than 16.2 million acres of forest land. Additional forest attribute and forest health information is presented along with information on agents of change including changing land use patterns and the introduction of nonnative plants, insects, and diseases.


Available Online Only

1.  GTR-P-NRS-39.  Restorative Commons: Creating Health and Well-Being Through Urban Landscapes.  Campbell, Lindsay; Wiesen, Anne.  278p.  

A collection of 18 articles inspired by the Meristem 2007 Forum, "Restorative Commons for Community Health." The articles include interviews, case studies, thought pieces, and interdisciplinary theoretical works that explore the relationship between human health and the urban environment. This volume is a joint endeavor of Meristem and the U.S. Forest Service Northern Research Station as they work to strengthen networks of researchers and practitioners to develop new solutions to persistent and emergent challenges to human health, well-being, and potential within the urban environment.


2.  GTR-NRS-40.  Hardwood log defect photographic database, software and user's guide.  Thomas, R. Edward.  1-21p.  

Computer software and user's guide for Hardwood Log Defect Photographic Database. The database contains photographs and information on external hardwood log defects and the corresponding internal characteristics. This database allows users to search for specific defect types, sizes, and locations by tree species. For every defect, the database contains photos of the defect at 1-inch intervals as it penetrates the log and a brief summary of the defect's measurements and features. The defect data presented here was collected from three sites in West Virginia.
Note: the photographic database, software and user's guide are only available on DVD. To obtain a copy of the DVD, please use the Order a printed copy of this publication link.


18.  GTR-P-NRS-42.  Proceedings of the 2008 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium.  Klenosky, David B.; Fisher, Cherie LeBlanc; eds.  1-356p.  

Contains articles and posters presented at the 2008 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Contents cover tourism marketing, fish and wildlife, place meaning, leisure and gender, recreation resource allocation, nature-based tourism, methods, leisure motives, outdoor recreation management, tourism impacts, outdoor recreation among specific populations, leisure constraints, environmental attitudes and values, leisure cognition, environmental education and experimental learning, wildland-urban interface issues, and attribute evaluation and preference.


19.  RB-NRS-33.  Urban forest assessment in northern Delaware.  Nowak, David J.; Hoehn, Robert E.; Wang, Jun; Lee, Andy; Krishnamurthy, Vikram; Schwetz, Gary.  1-50p.  

Presents results of an analysis of the urban forest of the Wilmington, Delaware, the metropolitan corridor in New Castle County (NCC), and Rattlesnake Run sewershed in the city of Wilmington using the Urban Forest Effects (UFORE) model. This analysis reveals that there are about 882,700 trees (19.3 percent tree cover) in the NCC metro corridor and about 136,000 trees (16.1 percent tree cover) in Wilmington. The three most common species in the NCC urban forest are red maple (22.8 percent), sweetgum (16.9 percent), and black cherry (3.9 percent). In Wilmington, most common species are Norway maple (16.4 percent), northern white cedar (15.0 percent), and tree-of-heaven (9.5 percent). These trees store and remove a significant amount of carbon, reduce building energy use, and annually remove large amounts of air pollution. The UFORE hydrologic analysis of the Rattlesnake Run sewershed reveals that existing tree cover reduced nonsanitary flow by 1.4 percent during an August-to-February simulation period. Increasing existing tree cover over pervious surfaces from 5 to 45 percent reduced outlet flow by 1.7 percent; increasing tree cover from 5 to 45 percent over impervious land reduced flow by 10.7 percent.


Resource Update

The following publications provide an overview of forest resource attributes for the respective State based on an annual inventory conducted by the Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program at the Northern Research Station of the U.S. Forest Service. These are available only online.

RN-NRS-32.  South Dakota's Forest Resources, 2007.  Piva, Ronald J.; Lister, Andrew J.; Haugan, Douglas.  1-4p.  

RN-NRS-33.  Iowa's Forest Resources, 2007.  Nelson, M.D.; Brewer, M.  1-4p.  

RN-NRS-34.  Nebraska's Forest Resources, 2007.  Meneguzzo, D.M.  1-4p.  

RN-NRS-35.  Illinois' Forest Resources, 2007.  Crocker, S.J.  1-4p.  

RN-NRS-36.  Indiana's Forest Resources, 2008.  Woodall, C.W.; Webb, M.N.; Gallion, J.  1-4p.  

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