PEOPLE AND THE RIVER

PERCEPTION AND USE OF
CHICAGO WATERWAYS FOR RECREATION

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sketchcol.gif (8057 bytes)  CONTENTS

Page
Overview of ChicagoRivers
Demonstration Project
ix
Abstract xi
Preface xiii

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CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION TO PEOPLE AND THE RIVER

1
Paul H. Gobster and Lynne M. Westphal
  Background And Research Objectives 1
  Framework For Research 1
    Constituent Groups 1
    Corridor Settings 1
    Issues 3
  Research Methodologies 3
  Literature Cited 4

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  Plates
   (photographic portrayal of
   Chicago's historic waterways)

1-12
13-24

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CHAPTER 2
NEARBY NEIGHBORHOOD RESIDENTS' IMAGES AND PERCEPTIONS OF THE RIVER

5
Paul H. Gobster
  Summary Of Findings 5
    Current Perceptions And
    Uses Of The River
5
    Future Prospects for the River 5
    By-Reach Summary of Findings 7

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  Part I
  Introduction To The Study
7
    Purpose and Objectives 7
    Study Methods 7

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  Part II
  Current Perceptions And Uses Of The River
13
    General Perceptions of the River 13
    Analysis of Key Questions
    and Issues
19

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  Part III
  Future Prospects For The River
27
    Ideal Setting for Recreation 27
    Types of Development Preferred Along the Corridor 27
    River Improvements 31

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  Part IV Conclusions 36
  Appendix 2.1
  Focus Group Moderator Guide
39
  Appendix 2.2
  Focus Group Coding Process
40
  Appendix 2.3
  Statistical Overview Of Findings
44
  Literature Cited 48
  Notes 48

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CHAPTER 3
USE PATTERNS AND USER PREFERENCES OF ON-SITE RIVER RECREATIONISTS

49
Lynne M. Westphal

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Summary Of Findings 49

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  Part I Introduction To The Study 50
    Purposes and Objectives 50
    Study Methods 50

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  Part II Results Of The Overall Sample 53
    Demographics 53
    River Use Characteristics 54
    Perceptions of the River 55

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  Part III Issues Of Managerial Interest 55
    Importance of River Use and Access 56
    Water Quality 57
    Facility and Development Issues 60
    Crime, Safety, and User Conflicts 61
    Natural Areas and Scenic Qualities 63

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  Part IV Conclusions 64
  Appendix 3.1 Survey Instrument 65
  Appendix 3.2 Area Tables 67
  Appendix 3.3 Activity Tables 73
  Literature Cited 78
  Notes 78

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CHAPTER 4
RESOURCE EXPERTS: DISCUSSION OF ISSUES RELATED TO KEY RECREATION OPPORTUNITIES

79
Paul H. Gobster
  Summary Of Findings 79
    Profiles of Resource Experts 79
    Current and Potential Recreation Opportunities 79
    Issues Related to Key Recreation Uses 79

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  Part I Introduction To The Study 83
    Purpose and Objectives 83
    Study Methods 83

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  Part II
  Profiles Of Resource Experts
85
    Public Land Managers 85
    Private Not-For-Profit Groups 94
    Private Commercial Recreation Providers 95
    Private Commercial and Industrial Interests 96
    Miscellaneous Groups 97

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  Part III
  Current And Potential Recreation Opportunties
98
    Reach 1 West Fork of the North Branch 98
    Reach 2 Middle Fork of the North Branch 100
    Reach 3 Skokie River (East Fork  of the North Branch) 101

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    Reach 4 North Shore Channel 104
    Reach 5 North Branch of the Chicago River 106
    Reach 6 Chicago River (Main Branch) 108
    Reach 7 South Branch of the Chicago River and South Fork (Bubbly Creek) 111

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    Reaches 8 and 9 Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal 113
    Reach 10 Calumet River, Little Calumet River, and Calmet-Sag Channel 116

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  Part IV Issues Related To Key Recreation Opportunities 121
    Recreational Boating 121
    Fishing 131
    Trails 136
    Resource Based Recreation  and Education 140
    Other Recreation Opportunites 144

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  Part V Conclusions 146
  Appendix 4.1 Information Sources 149
  Appendix 4.2 Discussion Guides For Resource Expert Interviews 155
  Notes 159

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CHAPTER 5
ANALYSIS OF CHICAGO RIVER RECREATION HABITATS

161
  Charles Nilon with Scott Huckstep
  Summary Of Findings 161
  Introduction 161
  Objectives 161
  Methods 163
    Regional Characteristics and Access 163
    Neighborhood Characteristics and Access 164
  Results 165
    Regional Level 165
    Neighborhood Level 167
  Discussion And Conclusions 169
  Appendix 5.1 Vegetation Classes 171
  Literature Cited 172

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CHAPTER 6
CITYSPACE: UNDERSTANDING CHICAGOANS' OUTDOOR NEEDS

173
Dan Stolze
  Introduction 173
  Research Methods And Study Sites 173
  Findings 173
    Knowledge and Awareness 173
    Current Perceptions and Use 175
    Future Enhancement and Development 175
  Conclusions 176
  Notes 176

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CHAPTER 7
OPEN SPACE NEEDS IN CHICAGO'S CHINATOWN AREA

177
Tingwei Zhang
  Introduction 177
  Research Methods And Procedures 177
  Findings 177
    Current Use Patterns and Activities 177
    Barriers to Participation 177
    Park Development Preferences 179
  Conclusions 179
  Notes 179

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CHAPTER 8
USE OF THE CHICAGO RIVER BY CANOEISTS, KAYAKERS, AND ROWERS

181
Joan M. O'Shaughnessy
  Introduction 181
  Research Methods And Procedures 181
  Findings 181
    Uses Patterns 181
    Motivations and Preferences 181
  Management Recomendations 182
  Notes 182

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CHAPTER 9
SUMMARY OF PEOPLE AND THE RIVER

183
Paul H. Gobster and Lynne M. Westphal
  Introduction 183
  Summary Of Study Characteristics 183
    Scope 183
    Objectives 183
    Sample 183
    Investigation Methods 185
  Summary Of Study Findings 186
    Places 186
    Activities 188
    Issues 188
  Conclusions 192

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Last modified on Wednesday, February 18, 2004
by  Sharon Hobrla