11th Central Hardwood
Forest Conference

General Technical Report NC-188

(Proceedings held The University of Missouri
Columbia, Missouri

Edited by
Stephen G. Pallardy
Robert A. Cecich
H. Gene Garrett
Paul S. Johnson

March 23 - 26, 1997

North Central Forest Experiment Station, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service


This conference is the eleventh in a series of biennial meetings that began in 1976 at Southern Illinois University.
Other conferences have been hosted by Purdue University, University of Kentucky, University of Illinois, University
of Tennessee, Southern Illinois University with the North Central Forest Experiment Station (NCFES), Pennsylvania
State University with the Northeastern Forest Experiment Station (NEFES), Purdue University with NCFES and
West Virginia University with the NEFES. The purpose of these conferences has been the same: to provide a forum
for the exchange of information concerning the biology and management of Central Hardwood forests by forest
scientists throughout the region. As with previous proceedings, a wide range of topics that represent the broad array
of research programs in this region are presented. The information in this Proceedings is important to the long-term
management of forest resources in this unique region.


bullet Introduction
bullet Invited Speakers
A Resource at the Crossroads: A history of the Central Hardwoods
Ray Hicks
bullet Sustaining Biodiversity in Midwestern Woodlands
Doug Ladd
bullet Industry's Needs and Concerns
William Luppold
bullet Integrating Silviculture, Forest Management, and Forest Policy
Chad Oliver
bullet Harvesting
Evaluating Timber Harvesting Impacts on Wildlife Habitat Suitability Using FOREX
C.B. LeDoux
Residual Tree Damage During Selection Cuts Using Two Skidding Systems in the Missouri Ozarks
R.L Ficklin, J.P. Dwyer, B.E. Cutter, and T. Draper
Perceived Impacts of Disturbance in Central Hardwood Ecosystems
J. Hetherington and J. Burde
bullet Forest Health
Nitrogen Budgets on Appalachian Forest Catchments
D.R. DeWalle
Spatial Patterns of Armillaria Populations in the Walker Branch of Watershed Throughfall
Displacement Experiment, Tennessee, USA

J.N. Bruhn, J.A. Brenneman, J.J. Wetteroff, Jr., J.D. Mihail, and T.D. Leininger
The Gypsy Moth in the Central Hardwoods: Research and Management Needs
R. Lawrence, S. Burks, D. Haugen, and M. Linit
Summary of Mortality Statistics and Forest Health Monitoring Results for the Northeastern United States
W.H. McWilliams, S.L. Arner, and C.J. Barnett
bullet Economics
Trends in Hardwood Timber Resources for the Northern States
R.H. Widmann and T
.L. Schmidt
Private Forest Owners of the Central Hardwood Forest
T.W. Birch
Identifying Forest Lands in Urban Areas in the Central Hardwood Region
T.W. Birch, R.R. Hershey, and P. Kern
Distribution and Extent of Tree Mortality in North Central Hardwood Forests
J.M. Vasievich, S.L. Hobrla, and M.H. Hansen
Hardwood Timber Sales on State Forests in Indiana: Characteristics Influencing Costs and Prices
J.M. Vasievich, W.L. Mills, Jr., and H.R. Cherry
The Efficacy of Economic-development Programs in Forest-dependent Communities
R.F. Fraser
Silviculture/Stand Dynamics I
An Evaluation of Uneven-aged Cutting Methods in Even-aged Oak-Hickory Stands in
the Boston Mountains of Arkansas

D.L. Graney and P.A. Murphy
Diameter Growth of Trees in an Uneven-Aged Oak Forest in the Missouri Ozarks
E.F. Loewenstein, P.S. Johnson, and H.E. Garrett
Stability of Diameter Distributions in a Managed Uneven-aged Oak Forest in the Ozark Highlands
Z. Wang, P.S. Johnson, H.E. Garrett, and S.R. Shifley
Forest Ingrowth Prediction Model for the Northeastern United States
L.S. Gribko
Planting Oaks in the Central Hardwood Region: A Shelterwood Approach
D.R. Weigel and P.S. Johnson
Ecology I
Ground Cover in Old-growth Forests of the Central Hardwood Region
M.A. Spetich, S.R. Shifley, G.R. Parker, and F. Ponder, Jr.
Disturbance-related Changes in Ground Flora of West Virginia Oak Forests
R.M. Muzika, D.L. Feicht, and S.L. Fosboke
Changes in Down Dead Wood Volume Across a Chronosequence of Silvicultural
Openings in Southern Indiana Forests

M.A. Jenkins and G.R. Parker
Changes in Fine Root Dynamics and Distribution Along a Chronosequence of
Upland Oak-Hickory Forests

T.W. Idol, P.E. Pope, and F. Ponder, Jr.
Ecology II
History of Fire in a Southern Ohio Second-growth Mixed-oak Forest
E.K. Sutherland
Vegetation-site Relationships and Fire History of Savanna-glade-woodland Mosaic in the Ozarks
S.E. Jenkins, R. Guyette, and A.J. Rebertus
Validation of BEHAVE Fire Behavior Predictions in Oak Savannas Using Five Fuel Models
K. Grabner, J. Dwyer, and B. Cutter
Spatial Configuration and Distribution of Forest Patches in Champaign County, Illinois: 1940 to 1993
J.D. Chinea
Silviculture/Stand Dynamics II
The Midwest Flood of 1993: Did Trees Protect Levees Along the Missouri River?
J.P. Dwyer, D. Wallace, and D.R. Larsen
Three-year Bole Response of White Oak (Quercus alba L.) Crop Trees to Fertilizer
and Crown Release on a Tennessee Upland Site

G.R. Schaertl, A.E. Houston, E.R. Buckner, and J.S. Meadows
White Ash (Fraxinus americana L.) Survival and Growth in Unmanaged Upland Forests
J.S. Ward
Modeling Forest Landscape Change in the Ozarks: Guiding Principles and Preliminary Implementation
S.R. Shifley, F.R. Thompson, III, D.R. Larsen, and D.J. Mladenoff
Genetics and Physiology
Micropropagation of Juvenile and Mature American Elms from Stem Nodal Sections
A.M. Chanon, J.C. Kamalay, and P. Jourdan
Establishment of Northern Red Oak Genetic Tests with Nursery-graded Seedlings
S.A. Lay, M.A. Realey, S.E. Schlarbaum, P.P. Kormanik, T. Tibbs, R.A. Cox, T. LaFarge, and A.M. Saxton
Influence of Weather on Pollination and Acorn Production in Two Species of Missouri Oaks
R.A. Cecich
Model of White Oak Flower Survival and Maturation
D.R. Larsen and R.A. Cecich
Ecology III
Correlations Among Stand Ages and Forest Strata in Mixed-oak Forests of Southeastern Ohio
P.C. Goebel and D.M. Hix
Indicators of Nitrate Export from Forested Watersheds of the Chesapeake Bay Region
K.W.J. Williard
The Effects of Partial Cutting Practices on Forest Stand Structure in Appalachian Hardwood Forests
M.A. Fajvan and S.T. Grushecky
Regeneration I
Effects of Seasonal Prescribed Fires on Hardwood Advance Regeneration in Shelterwood Stands
P. Brose and D. Van Lear
Grass or Fern Competition Reduce Growth and Survival of Planted Tree Seedlings
L.H. McCormick and T.W. Bowersox
Interference with Shoot Growth and Flowering of Dittany (Cunila origanoides (L.) Britton) by Hardwood Leachates
J.W. Van Sambeek, J.M. Kobe, and J.S. Fralish
Response of Potted Northern Red Oak and Hay-scented Fern to Additions of Calcium,
Magnesium, Potassium, and Phosphorus

D.H. Hart and W.E. Sharpe
Regeneration II
Large-scale Comparison of Reforestation Techniques Commonly Used in the Lower
Mississippi Alluvial Valley: First Year Results

C.J. Schweitzer, J.A. Stanturf, J.P. Shepard, T.M. Wilkins, C.J. Portwood, and L.C. Dorris, Jr.
Regeneration Responses of Oak-dominated Stands to Thinning and Clearcutting in Northwestern Pennsylvania
J.A. Stanturf, L.R. Auchmoody, and R.S. Walters
Survival and Growth of Hardwood Seedlings Following Preplanting-Root Treatments and Treeshelters
F. Ponder, Jr.
Impact of Soil Scarification on the Composition of Regeneration and Species Diversity in an Oak Shelterwood
J.J. Zaczek, J. Harding, and J. Welfley
Two-year Survival and Growth of Artificial Northern Red Oak Regeneration at Gettysburg National Military Park
D.S. Larrick, T.W. Bowersox, G.L. Storm, and W.M. Tzilkowski
Poster Session
Effect of Tree Shelters on Above-ground Stem Biomass, Leaf Numbers and Size, and Height Growth
D.O. Lantagne and G. Kowaleski
Tree Shelters Fail to Enhance Height Growth of Northern Red Oak in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan
D.O. Lantagne and R. Miller
Temporal Variations in Woody Species Composition from 1922 to 1996 in a Second-growth Appalachian Forest
T.M. Schuler
Ecological Classification Systems for the Wayne National Forest, Southeastern Ohio
D.M. Hix and J.N. Pearcy
Fire History, Population, and Calcium Cycling in the Current River Watershed
R.P. Guyette and B.E. Cutter
Drought Effects on Leaf Abscission and Leaf Production in Populus Clones
S.G. Pallardy and J.L. Rhoads
Red Maple Development in Mixed Hardwood Stands in West Virginia
B. Tift
Compensatory Mechanisms of Central Hardwood Forest Communities in a Changing Environment
S. Jose and A.R. Gillespie
Patterns of Northern Red Oak Growth and Mortality in Western Pennsylvania
J.R. McClenahen, R.J. Hutnik, and D.D. Davis
Assessing Species Variation Within Forest Cover Types Delineated Using Color-infared
Aerial Photographs

C.P. Neese, Jr. and L.S. Gribko
Hay-scented Fern Spore Production Following Clearcutting
K.A. Penrod and L.H. McCormick

Our job at the North Central Forest Experiment Station is discovering and creating new knowledge and technology in the field of natural resources and conveying this information to the people who can use it. As a new generation of forests emerges in our region, managers are confronted with two unique challenges: (1) Dealing with the great diversity in composition, quality, and ownership of the forests, and (2) Reconciling the conflicting demands of the people who use them. Helping the forest manager meet these challenges while protecting the environment is what research at North Central is all about.


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Last modified on Wednesday, February 18, 2004
by  Sharon Hobrla