Regional Landscape Ecosystems of Michigan,
Minnesota, and Wisconsin:
A Working Map and Classification

General Technical Report NC-178

(Fourth Revision: July 1994)

Dennis A. Albert, Ecologist

Michigan Natural Features Inventory

By request of the Upper Great Lakes Biodiversity Committee

Funding from the North Central Forest Experiment Station, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Upper Great Lakes Biodiversity Committee, and Michigan Natural Features Inventory

This resource is based on the following source:

Albert, Dennis A. 1995. Regional landscape ecosystems of Michigan, Minnesota,
     and Wisconsin: a working map and classification. Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-178.
     St. Paul, MN:  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North
     Central Forest Experiment Station.  250 pp.

This resource should be cited as:

Albert, Dennis A. 1995. Regional landscape ecosystems of Michigan, Minnesota,
     and Wisconsin: a working map and classification. Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-178.
     St. Paul, MN:  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North
     Central Forest Experiment Station.
     Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Home Page. 
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/1998/rlandscp/rlandscp.htm
     (Version 03JUN98).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

bulletAcknowledgements
bulletIntroduction
bulletConceptual Approach
bulletFactors in the Hierarchy
bulletHierarchical Levels: Section, Subsection, Sub-subsection
bulletMaps Units as Hypotheses for Testing
bulletRelationship to Other Approaches and Other Regional Ecosystem Maps
bulletRegional Landscape Ecosystems of Michigan
bulletNatural Divisions Maps of Minnesota and Wisconsin
bulletBailey's Climatic Ecoregion Map
bulletMethods
bulletIntegration of Climatic and Physiographic Classifications
bulletValidation
bulletGeneral Setting
bulletClimate
bulletBedrock Geology
bulletPhysiography
bulletVegetation
bulletUsing the Regional Landscape Ecosystem Map
bulletGuide to Descriptions
bulletInteractive Map Interface -- Clickable state maps for each subsection and sub-subsection.
bulletRegional Landscape Ecosystem of Minnesota
bulletRegional Landscape Ecosystem of Wisconsin
bulletRegional Landscape Ecosystem of Michigan's Lower Peninsula
bulletRegional Landscape Ecosystem of Michigan's Upper Peninsula
bulletDescription of Sections
bulletSection I. Northwestern Minnesota Grassland
bulletSection II. Southwestern Minnesota Grassland
bulletSection III. Southeastern Minnesota and West-Central Wisconsin Savanna
bulletSection IV. Driftless Area
bulletSection V. Southeastern Wisconsin Savanna
bulletSection VI. Southern Lower Michigan
bulletSection VII. Northern Lacustrine-Influenced Lower Michigan
bulletSection VIII. Northern Lacustrine-Influenced Upper Michigan and Wisconsin
bulletSection IX. Northern Continental Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota
bulletSection X. Northern Minnesota
bulletSection XI. Aspen Parkland
bulletReferences

 

Our job at the North Central Forest Experiment Station is discovering and creating new knowledge and technology in the field of natural resources and conveying this information to the people who can use it. As a new generation of forests emerges in our region, managers are confronted with two unique challenges: (1) Dealing with the great diversity in composition, quality, and ownership of the forests, and (2) Reconciling the conflicting demands of the people who use them. Helping the forest manager meet these challenges while protecting the environment is what research at North Central is all about.

 

To download the publications save the following file to your computer and extract all files.   Open rlandscp.htm in your web browser.

rlandscp.zip (1277 kb) -- Regional Landscape Ecosystems of Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin: A Working Map and Classification.

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Last modified on Wednesday, February 18, 2004
by  Sharon Hobrla