Distribution and activity of bats at local and landscape scales within a rural-urban gradient
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Urban Ecosystems. 11: 227-242.
We examined the relationship between bat species activity and composition and the extent of forest cover and urbanization in and adjacent to 11 U.S. National Park Service, National Capital Region Parks in Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C., from 2003-2004, using mist nets, harp traps, acoustical detectors, and visual observations in a variety of habitats. Our efforts included 363 trap nights across 74 sites along with acoustical sampling at 362 sites. We captured 383 bats and identified 6,380 echolocation passes of 6 species. Both overall and species-specific activities were affected more by forest fragmentation within parks than by urbanization adjacent to parks.
Keywordsbats; forest fragmentation; landscape; national capital region; urbanization
Johnson, Joshua B.; Gates, J. Edward; Ford, W. Mark. 2008. Distribution and activity of bats at local and landscape scales within a rural-urban gradient. Urban Ecosystems. 11: 227-242. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11252-008-0055-x.