Sustainable Management of Central Appalachian Red Spruce
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Red spruce (Picea rubens) was historically an important and dominant timber species in the central Appalachian mountain range. The tree species is now found in a small fraction of its original home range. Threatened and endangered organisms such as the Cheat Mountain Salamander (Plethodon nettingi) rely on red spruce associated forests for survival. This review provides a background on the history of forest management of red spruce in the central Appalachian region. A meta-analysis was conducted on recent literature (published 2000 or later) of red spruce in the central Appalachian region to highlight key management and conservation concerns. In particular, forest health concerns related to air pollution and climatic stress also are addressed. Approaches to examine the impact of environmental factors on red spruce site productivity are covered. This review also provides sustainable management options for restoration of red spruce in the central Appalachian mountain range.
Keywordsclimate change; disturbances; montane forests; red spruce; restoration
Yetter, Eric; Chhin, Sophan; Brown, John P. 2021. Sustainable Management of Central Appalachian Red Spruce. Sustainability. 13(19): 10871. 13 p. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910871.