Invasive Insect Species: Global Challenges, Strategies & Opportunities
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Frontiers in Insect Science
Alien arthropods threaten human health, jeopardize food supplies, endanger valued species, risk economic losses, and disrupt ecosystem functions, at least some of the time. The accelerating pace of commercial and social globalization creates unprecedented opportunities for the movement of species to new areas of the world. As arthropods are dispersed beyond their native ranges, they escape population-regulating predators, parasitoids, and pathogens and encounter naïve host plants and animals. In principle, the disruption of coevolutionary, antagonistic interactions presents an invading species with an opportunity to dominate and transform invaded areas, as evidenced, by grape phylloxera, Daktulosphaira vitifoliae, in Europe in the mid 1800's and emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis, in North America and Europe in the early 2000's. Nevertheless, invasion by severe pests remains an improbable happening, estimated at approximately one "success" for every 1,000 attempts (1). Thus, biological invasions represent low-probability, high-consequence events, predicaments to those who study or manage alien invasive pests.
Keywordsprediction; prevention; early detection; rapid response; integrated pest management; grand challenges; wicked problem; global development
Venette, Robert C.; Hutchison, William D. 2021. Invasive Insect Species: Global Challenges, Strategies & Opportunities. Frontiers in Insect Science. 1: 1661. 4 p. https://doi.org/10.3389/finsc.2021.650520.