Publication Details

Causes and costs of bole wounds in hardwoods—a synopsis of the literature

Publication Toolbox

  • Download PDF (359.0 KB)
  • This publication is available only online.

Year Published

2018

Publication

In: Kirschman, Julia E.; Johnsen, Kurt, comps. 2018. Proceedings of the 19th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e–Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–234. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station.

Abstract

Tree wounds are caused by a wide range of natural events and anthropogenic activities and occur in tree crowns, on branches, on the bole, or on roots. Existing information mostly relates to bole wounds as they are more visible, accessible, and considered more economically important.

Note: This article is part of a larger document. View the larger document

Citation

Wiedenbeck, Janice K. 2018. Causes and costs of bole wounds in hardwoods—a synopsis of the literature. In: Kirschman, Julia E.; Johnsen, Kurt, comps. 2018. Proceedings of the 19th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e–Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–234. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 327-336.

Last updated on: October 1, 2020