Remote sensing for early, detailed, and accurate detection of forest disturbance and decline for protection of biodiversity
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In: Cavender-Bares, Jeannine; Gamon, John; Townsend, Philip, eds. Remote Sensing of Plant Biodiversity. New York, NY: Springer: 121-154.
In many ways, biodiversity is a foundational component of healthy, productive forests and maintenance of the many ecosystem services that they provide (e.g., carbon sequestration, nutrient cycling, water filtration and provisioning, wildlife habitat). Forested landscapes are often characterized by a mosaic of species, age classes, and structural characteristics that results from natural patterns of disturbance. This diversity within stands and across forested landscapes increases resilience of larger forested ecosystems, enabling them to recover and maintain ecological function following disturbance (Thompson et al. 2009). But many pests and pathogens, particularly exotic invasive insects, as well as various abiotic stresses (e.g., pollution impacts or increases in climate extremes), have the potential to alter native populations, reduce biodiversity, and impact ecosystem function and service provisioning. This is particularly true for ecosystems dominated by keystone or foundational species, which exert a relatively large impact on community stability and ecosystem function (Ellison et al. 2010). There are many examples of the impacts of pests and pathogens on biodiversity and ecological function in forested ecosystems.
Pontius, Jennifer; Schaberg, Paul; Hanavan, Ryan. 2020. Remote sensing for early, detailed, and accurate detection of forest disturbance and decline for protection of biodiversity. Chapter 6. In: Cavender-Bares, Jeannine; Gamon, John; Townsend, Philip, eds. Remote Sensing of Plant Biodiversity. New York, NY: Springer: 121-154. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-33157-3_6.