Creating Safe And Healthy Neighborhoods With Place-Based Violence Interventions
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Violence is a leading cause of death and disability in the United States and abroad, with far-reaching consequences for individuals and communities. Interventions that address environmental and social contexts have the potential for greater populationwide effects, yet research has been slow to identify and rigorously evaluate these types of interventions to reduce violence. Several urban communities across the US are conducting experimental and quasi-experimental communitybased research to examine the effect of place-based interventions on violence. Using examples from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Flint, Michigan; Youngstown, Ohio; and New Orleans, Louisiana, we describe how place-based interventions that remediate vacant land and abandoned buildings work to reduce violence. These examples support the potential for place-based interventions to create far-reaching and sustainable improvements in the health and safety of communities that experience significant disadvantage. These interventions warrant the attention of community stakeholders, funders, and policy makers.
KeywordsViolence; Neighborhoods; Public health; Health conditions; Epidemiology; Social determinants of health; Mental health; Stress; Health policy
Hohl, Bernadette C.; Kondo, Michelle C.; Kajeepeta, Sandhya; MacDonald, John M.; Theall, Katherine P.; Zimmerman, Marc A.; Branas, Charles C. 2019. Creating Safe And Healthy Neighborhoods With Place-Based Violence Interventions. Health Affairs. 38(10): 1687-1694. https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2019.00707.