Projections of water, carbon, and nitrogen dynamics under future climate change in an alpine tundra ecosystem in the southern Rocky Mountains using a biogeochemical model
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Science of The Total Environment
Using statistically downscaled future climate scenarios and a version of the biogeochemical model (PnET-BGC) that wasmodified for use in the alpine tundra, we investigated changes inwater, carbon, and nitrogen dynamics under the Representative Concentration Pathways atNiwot Ridge in Colorado, USA. Our simulations indicate that future hydrologywill becomemorewater-limited over the short-termdue to the temperature-induced increases in leaf conductance, but remains energy-limited over the longer term because of anticipated future decreases in leaf area and increases in annual precipitation. The seasonal distribution of the water supply will become decoupled fromenergy inputs due to advanced snowmelt, causing soilmoisture stress to plants during the growing season. Decreases in summer soil moisture are projected to not only affect leaf production, but also reduce decomposition of soil organic matter in summer despite increasing temperature. Advanced future snowmelt in spring and increasing rain to snow ratio in fall are projected to increase soil moisture and decomposition of soil organic matter. The extended growing season is projected to increase carbon sequestration by 2% under the high radiative forcing scenario, despite a 31% reduction in leaf display due to the soil moisture stress. Our analyses demonstrate that future nitrogen uptake by alpine plants is regulated by nitrogen supply from mineralization, but plant nitrogen demand may also affect plant uptake under the warmer scenario. PnET-BGC simulations also suggest that potential CO2 effects on alpine plants are projected to cause larger increases in plant carbon storage than leaf and root production.
KeywordsAlpine tundra Budyko curve Carbon Nitrogen Biogeochemical modeling Representative concentration pathways
Dong, Zheng; Driscoll, Charles T.; Campbell, John L.; Pourmokhtarian, Afshin; Stoner, Anne M.K.; Hayhoe, Katharine. 2019. Projections of water, carbon, and nitrogen dynamics under future climate change in an alpine tundra ecosystem in the southern Rocky Mountains using a biogeochemical model. Science of The Total Environment. 650: 1451-1464. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.151.