Inter- and Intrasexual Interactions in Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) and the Impact of Different Sex Ratios
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Journal of Economic Entomology
The behaviors of Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) during inter- and intrasexual interactions between both solitary and paired individuals at different sex ratios were observed on Acer platanoides L. (Sapindales: Sapindaceae) branches in the laboratory. Intrasexual contact was generally ignored by females, but between males resulted in battles from which one male ultimately retreated. When male size differed, larger males won battles, whereas equally sized males split the wins and battled longer. When males initiated intersexual contact, they quickly found and mounted the female. The female apparently determined if and how long the male could copulate with her by controlling access to her genital opening and males would eventually dismount if the female remained unreceptive. After successful copulation, males ignored female intruders and fought off male challengers, generally without dismounting. Some males dismounted females without attempting to copulate. Individual age and size were not predictive of either female or male choice in a mate. Mating duration was affected by both female receptivity and sex ratios present. Male interruptions of the pair shortened time in copula. Male-skewed sex ratios (1F:2M) significantly shortened the time a male would stay with an unreceptive female. Female-skewed sex ratios (2F:1M) did not impact mating duration. Probability of dispersal both from and within the branch was greater for smaller individuals of both sexes and for males when sex ratios were male-skewed. This information demonstrates how reproductive activity might be impacted as population densities decline during efforts at eradication of this species in North America.
Keena, M.A.; Sánchez, V. 2018. Inter- and Intrasexual Interactions in Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) and the Impact of Different Sex Ratios. Journal of Economic Entomology. 111(5): 2163-2171. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toy207.