National Trade can Drive Range Expansion of Bark- and Wood-Boring Beetles
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Journal of Economic Entomology
Several native species of bark- and wood-boring beetles (Coleoptera) have expanded their range within their native biogeographic regions in the last years, but the role of human activity in driving this phenomenon has been underinvestigated. Here we analyze 3 yr of trapping records of native bark- and wood-boring beetles (Cerambycidae and Scolytinae) collected at 12 Italian ports and their surrounding forests to help elucidate the human role in the movement of native species within their native biogeographic region. We trapped several species that occurred either inside or outside their native distributional range within Italy. Species richness and abundance of those species found in the ports located within their native range were most strongly associated with the amount of forest cover in the surrounding landscape, suggesting that they could have arrived in the ports from the nearby forests. The abundance of the species found outside their native range was instead most strongly linked to the amount of national imports arriving at the port where trapping occurred, suggesting that they were likely introduced to the ports from other parts of Italy. This study demonstrates that national sea transportation can favor species range expansion within a country, and confirms that the forests that surround ports can serve as a source of species that can be potentially moved with exports.
KeywordsCerambycidae, human-assisted spread, Scolytinae, trade, wood packaging
Rassati, Davide; Haack, Robert A; Knížek, Miloš; Faccoli, Massimo. 2018. National Trade can Drive Range Expansion of Bark- and Wood-Boring Beetles. Journal of Economic Entomology. 111(1): 260-268. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/tox308.