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First year sprouting and growth dynamics in response to prescribed fire in a mesic mixed-oak forest

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Fenwick, M. Adele; Schuler, Jamie L.; Schuler, Thomas M.

Year Published

2016

Publication

In: Proceedings of the 18th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-212. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 614 p.

Abstract

Prescribed fire is being used more frequently as a component of regeneration treatments in accordance with silvicultural guidelines developed to sustain and increase oak reproduction. A shelterwoodburn study was initiated in response to declining oak importance in the Allegheny Mountains of West Virginia. To remove a non-oak midstory, the study site was prescribe burned twice preceding the first removal cut of a two-cut shelterwood regeneration method that occurred in 2009/2010. A third burn occurred in April 2014 to mitigate the development of non-oak species that dominated the site four years after the seed cut. First year results indicate that northern red oak (Quercus rubra) survived at a higher rate than red maple (Acer rubrum), sweet birch (Betula lenta), and yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera), and the differences were more apparent in smaller pre-burn size classes. By contrast, differences in growth rates were significant in larger pre-burn size classes, but not in smaller size classes.

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Citation

Fenwick, M. Adele; Schuler, Jamie L.; Schuler, Thomas M. 2016. First year sprouting and growth dynamics in response to prescribed fire in a mesic mixed oak forest. In: Proceedings of  the 18th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-212. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 7 p.

Last updated on: March 29, 2016