Emotional responses to recreation environments
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Res. Pap. NE-461. Broomall, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Sevice, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 8p.
Recreation visits to natural areas are often supposed to result in a variety of unique emotional benefits for urban people. To test this, data on the moods of visitors to state parks, golf courses and museums were compared. The results indicated that (1) visitors arrived at all of the areas with moderate levels of positive moods and low levels of negative moods; (2) the levels of both positive and negative moods tended to decline during the experience; (3) while there were differences in moods between individual areas, it is not possible to attribute these differences solely to the type of recreation environment. Instead, there may be a process of anticipation and consummation that pervades recreation experiences and tends to outweigh differences between environments.
More, Thomas A. 1980. Emotional responses to recreation environments. Res. Pap. NE-461. Broomall, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Sevice, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 8p. https://doi.org/10.2737/NE-RP-461.