Development of insect viruses as pesticides: The case of the gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L.) in North America
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Protection Ecology. 3: 219-227.
Biological control, one component of integrated pest management, encompasses the use of several types of biological agents to control insect pest populations. Of these biological control agents, the insect viruses appear to offer one logical alternative to the chemical insecticides. One such virus, the nucleopolyhedrosis virus of the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (Linnaeus), is discussed in depth in regard to the research leading to its approval as an insecticide against its host.
Podgwaite, J.D.; Mazzone, H.M. 1981. Development of insect viruses as pesticides: The case of the gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L.) in North America. Protection Ecology. 3: 219-227.