Vectoring gypsy moth nuclear polyhedrosis virus by Apanteles melanoscelus (Hym.:Braconidae)
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Entomophaga. 22: 207-215.
Gypsy moth Lymantria dispar L. larvae were exposed to Apanteles melanoscelus (Ratzeburg) females contaminated with nuclear polyhedrosis virus. Three methods of contamination (ovipositor, total body surface, and exposure to infected hosts) and two exposure periods (2 and 24 hours) were tested. A significantly greater incidence of larval mortality caused by virus occurred among larvae exposed to contaminated than among larvae exposed to uncontaminated parasites for 2 and 24 hours. No significant differences occurred in larval mortality caused by virus for the 3 methods of contamination for the 2- and 24-hour tests or in parasite emergence from larvae parasitized by contaminated or uncontaminated parasites.
Raimo, B.; Reardon, R.C.; Podgwaite, J.D. 1977. Vectoring gypsy moth nuclear polyhedrosis virus by Apanteles melanoscelus (Hym.:Braconidae). Entomophaga. 22: 207-215.