A strain of Serratia marcescens pathogenic for larvae of Lymantria dispar: Infectivity and mechanisms of pathogenicity
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Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 27: 199-208.
The ED50 of a strain of Serratia marcescens for microinjected instar III and IV gypsy moth larvae was 7.5 and 14.5 viable cells, respectively. Percentage and rate of mortality were found to be highly variable among replicates of the same instar and between instars in free-feeding bioassays. Mortality in second instar larvae occurred before ecdysis, whereas practically no mortality occurred in third and fourth instars until the molting period. Neither Boivin endotoxin preparations nor culture filtrates were toxic to instar III larvae when administered per os or by microinjection. Histological evidence indicated that the microorganism invaded the hemocoel of healthy or predisposed insects through the gut wall. The rapid multiplication of the bacterium in the hemocoel of infected insects, followed by death in the absence of extensive tissue damage, indicated mortality was due to a septicemia. The histological and biological evidence presented indicated that the microorganism would be less than effective if utilized as a conventional microbial insecticide.
Podgwaite, J.D.; Cosenza, B.J. 1976. A strain of Serratia marcescens pathogenic for larvae of Lymantria dispar: Infectivity and mechanisms of pathogenicity. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 27: 199-208.