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Modeling insect disturbance across forested landscapes: Insights from the spruce budworm

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Sturtevant, Brian R.; Cooke, Barry J.; Kneeshaw, Daniel D.; MacLean, David A.

Year Published

2015

Publication

In: Perera, A.H.; Sturtevant, B.R.; Buse, L.J., eds. Simulation modeling forest landscape disturbances. Geneva, Switzerland: Springer International: 93-134. Chapter 5.

Abstract

Insects are important disturbance agents affecting temperate and boreal biomes (Wermelinger 2004; Johnson et al. 2005; Cooke et al. 2007; Raffa et al. 2008). Defoliating insects in particular have historically affected a staggering area of North American forests, particularly across the boreal biome (Fig. 5.1). Principal among these boreal forest defoliators is the spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana Clemens) that in the 1970s affected over 50 million hectares of fir (Abies spp.) and spruce (Picea spp.) forests at its peak in Eastern Canada and the Northeastern United States, making it among the most economically and ecologically important forest insects on the continent. Its significance is reflected in an extensive history of research to support modeling and management activities (e.g., Morris 1963a; Greenbank et al. 1980; Royama 1984; Sanders et al. 1985). The most recent review of spruce budworm modeling was by Regniere and Lysyk (1995, but see also Cooke et al. 2007). Since 1995 (when spruce budworm became primarily endemic), 1103 papers were published with the keyword C. fumiferana (Web of Science, accessed December 2014), indicating a strong need for new synthesis.

Citation

Sturtevant, Brian R.; Cooke, Barry J.; Kneeshaw, Daniel D.; MacLean, David A. 2015. Modeling insect disturbance across forested landscapes: Insights from the spruce budworm. In: Perera, A.H.; Sturtevant, B.R.; Buse, L.J., eds. Simulation modeling forest landscape disturbances. Geneva, Switzerland: Springer International: 93-134. Chapter 5.

Last updated on: October 2, 2015