Forest resources within the Lake States ceded territories 1980 - 2013
Resour. Bull. NRS-96. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 89 p. [CD-ROM included].
The Lake States ceded territories are the portions of northern Michigan, northeastern Minnesota, and northern Wisconsin that were ceded by tribes of the Ojibwe to the government of the United States of America in the treaties of 1836, 1837, 1842, and 1854. The tribes retain rights to hunt, fish, and gather in the 1837, 1842, and 1854 treaty areas. This report summarizes the results of a series of forest inventories in the region between 1980 and 2013. Inventory results show the region has 30.7 million acres of forest land with forests covering 65.3 percent of the total land area. Forest features reported here focus on the status of six species of trees (sugar maple, black ash, paper birch, northern white-cedar, hophornbeam, and balsam fir) that have special historic and cultural value to the Ojibwe, in addition to the standard reporting of volume, biomass, growth, removals, and mortality of all trees that are typically included in the state-level reports produced by the Forest Inventory and Analysis program of the U.S. Forest Service. Sections of this report also focus on carbon, standing dead trees, invasive plant species, and ground flora.
Kurtz, Cassandra M.; Moser, W. Keith; Hansen, Mark H.; Gormanson, Dale D.; Hatfield, Mark A.; Sowers, Paul A.; Dockry, Michael J.; Emery, Marla R.; Woodall, Christopher W.; Walters, Brian F.; Domke, Grant M.; Gilbert, Jonathan; Wrobel, Alexandra. 2015. Forest resources within the Lake States ceded territories 1980 - 2013. Resour. Bull. NRS-96. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 89 p. [CD-ROM included]. https://doi.org/10.2737/NRS-RB-96.