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Global diversity and geography of soil fungi

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Tedersoo, Leho; Bahram, Mohammad; Põlme, Sergei; Kõljalg, Urmas; Yorou, Nourou S.; Wijesundera, Ravi; Ruiz, Luis Villarreal; Vasco-Palacios, Aida M.; Thu, Pham Quang; Suija, Ave; Smith, Matthew E.; Sharp, Cathy; Saluveer, Erki; Saitta, Alessandro; Rosas, Miguel; Riit, Taavi; Ratkowsky, David; Pritsch, Karin; Põldmaa, Kadri; Piepenbring, Meike; Phosri, Cherdchai; Peterson, Marko; Parts, Kaarin; Pärtel, Kadri; Otsing, Eveli; Nouhra, Eduardo; Njouonkou, André L.; Nilsson, R. Henrik; Morgado, Luis N.; Mayor, Jordan; May, Tom W.; Majukim, Luiza; Lodge, D. Jean; Lee, Su See; Larsson, Karl-Henrik; Kohout, Petr; Hosaka, Kentaro; Hiiesalu, Indrek; Henkel, Terry W.; Harend, Helery; Guo, Liang-dong; Greslebin, Alina; Gretlet, Gwen; Geml, Jozsef; Gates, Genevieve; Dunstan, William; Dunk, Chris; Drenkhan, Rein; Dearnaley, John; Kesel, André De; Dang, Tan; Chen, Xin; Buegger, Franz; Brearley, Francis Q.; Bonito, Gregory; Anslan, Sten; Abell, Sandra; Abarenkov, Kessy

Year Published

2014

Publication

SCIENCE, Volume 346, Issue 6213, 28 NOVEMBER 2014, pp. 1078 and 1256688/1-1256688/10.

Abstract

Fungi play major roles in ecosystem processes, but the determinants of fungal diversity and biogeographic patterns remain poorly understood. Using DNA metabarcoding data from hundreds of globally distributed soil samples,we demonstrate that fungal richness is decoupled from plant diversity.The plant-to-fungus richness ratio declines exponentially toward the poles. Climatic factors, followed by edaphic and spatial variables, constitute the best predictors of fungal richness and community composition at the global scale. Fungi show similar latitudinal diversity gradients to other organisms,with several notable exceptions.These findings advance our understanding of global fungal diversity patterns and permit integration of fungi into a general macroecological framework.

Keywords

Soil fungal diversity patterns across latitudinal gradients; climate change

Citation

Tedersoo, Leho; Bahram, Mohammad; Põlme, Sergei; Kõljalg, Urmas; Yorou, Nourou S.; Wijesundera, Ravi; Ruiz, Luis Villarreal; Vasco-Palacios, Aida M.; Thu, Pham Quang; Suija, Ave; Smith, Matthew E.; Sharp, Cathy; Saluveer, Erki; Saitta, Alessandro; Rosas, Miguel; Riit, Taavi; Ratkowsky, David; Pritsch, Karin; Põldmaa, Kadri; Piepenbring, Meike; Phosri, Cherdchai; Peterson, Marko; Parts, Kaarin; Pärtel, Kadri; Otsing, Eveli; Nouhra, Eduardo; Njouonkou, André L.; Nilsson, R. Henrik; Morgado, Luis N.; Mayor, Jordan; May, Tom W.; Majukim, Luiza; Lodge, D. Jean; Lee, Su See; Larsson, Karl-Henrik; Kohout, Petr; Hosaka, Kentaro; Hiiesalu, Indrek; Henkel, Terry W.; Harend, Helery; Guo, Liang-dong; Greslebin, Alina; Gretlet, Gwen; Geml, Jozsef; Gates, Genevieve; Dunstan, William; Dunk, Chris; Drenkhan, Rein; Dearnaley, John; Kesel, André De; Dang, Tan; Chen, Xin; Buegger, Franz; Brearley, Francis Q.; Bonito, Gregory; Anslan, Sten; Abell, Sandra; Abarenkov, Kessy. 2014. Global diversity and geography of soil fungi. SCIENCE, Volume 346, Issue 6213, 28 NOVEMBER 2014, pp. 1078 and 1256688/1-1256688/10. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1256688.

Last updated on: March 29, 2018