Nitrogen input from residential lawn care practices in suburban watersheds in Baltimore county, MD
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Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. 47(5): 737-755.
A residential lawn care survey was conducted as part of the Baltimore Ecosystem Study, a Long-term Ecological Research project funded by the National Science Foundation and collaborating agencies, to estimate the nitrogen input to urban watersheds from lawn care practices. The variability in the fertilizer N application rates and the factors affecting the application rates were examined. Results indicated that the annual input of nitrogen from fertilizer is a major component of the urban watershed nitrogen budget and it is both spatially and temporally variable. There is a wide range in the application rate of fertilizer N to residential lawns applied by homeowners and by professional lawn care companies. Survey data estimated a mean fertilizer application rate of 97.6 kg N/ha/yr with a standard deviation of 88.3 kg N/ha/yr. Analyses suggested that the fertilizer application rate is affected by social economic factors and soil characteristics to include the market value of the house, age of development, soil bulk density and soil nitrogen content.
Law, Neely L.; Band, Lawrence E.; Grove, J. Morgan. 2004. Nitrogen input from residential lawn care practices in suburban watersheds in Baltimore county, MD. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. 47(5): 737-755. https://doi.org/10.1080/0964056042000274452.