Use of stable isotope ratios for evaluating sulfur sources and losses at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest
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Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 130: 75-86.
Anthropogenic S emissions have been declining in eastern North America since the early 1970s. Declines in atmospheric S deposition have resulted in decreases in concentrations and fluxes of SO42-) in precipitation and drainage waters. Recent S mass balance studies have shown that the outflow of SO42-) in drainage waters greatly exceeds current S inputs from atmospheric deposition. Identifying the S source(s) which contribute(s) to the discrepancy in watershed S budgets is a major concern to scientists and policy makers because of the need to better understand the rate and spatial extent of recovery from acidic deposition. Results from S mass balances combined with model calculations and isotopic analyses of SO42-) in precipitation and drainage waters at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest (HBEF) suggest that this discrepancy cannot be explained by either underestimates of dry deposited s or desorption of previously stored SO42-). Isotopic results suggest that the excess S may be at least partially derived from net mineralization of organic S as well as the weathering of S-bearing minerals.
Keywordsatmospheric deposition; organic S; S budgets; stable isotopes; watersheds; weathering
Mitchell, M.J.; Mayer, B.; Bailey, S.W.; Hornbeck, J.W.; Alewell, C.; Driscoll, C.T.; Likens, G.E. 2001. Use of stable isotope ratios for evaluating sulfur sources and losses at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 130: 75-86.