Isotopic evidence for determining the sources of dissolved organic sulfur in a forested catchment
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Environmental Science & Technology. 48(19): 11259-11267.
Understanding sulfur (S) biogeochemistry, especially in those watersheds subject to elevated levels of atmospheric S inputs, is needed for determining the factors that contribute to acidification, nutrient losses and the mobilization of toxic solutes (e.g., monomeric aluminum and methylmercury). S is found in a variety of both organic and inorganic forms undergoing a range of biotic and abiotic transformations. In watersheds with decreasing atmospheric S inputs, internal cycling is becoming dominant in affecting whether there is net loss or retention of S. Little attention has been given to the role of dissolved organic S (DOS) in affecting S biogeochemistry. DOS originates from assimilatory and bacterial dissimilatory S reduction (BDSR), the latter of which produces 34S-depleted S. Within groundwater of the Archer Creek Catchment in the Adirondack Mountains (New York) there was reoxidation of reduced S, which was an important source of SO42-. DOS in surface waters had a higher variation of δ34S-DOS values (-6.0 to +8.4‰) than inorganic S with δ34S-SO42- values ranging from +1.0 to +5.8‰. Inverse correlations between δ34S values of SO42- and DOS suggested that BDSR played an important role in producing DOS.
Kang, Phil-Goo; Mitchell, Myron J.; Mayer, Bernhard; Campbell, John L. 2014. Isotopic evidence for determining the sources of dissolved organic sulfur in a forested catchment. Environmental Science & Technology. 48(19): 11259-11267. https://doi.org/10.1021/es502563n.