Building an urban LTSER: the case of the Baltimore Ecosystem Study and the D.C./B.C. ULTRA-Ex Project
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In: Singh, S.J.; Haberl, Helmut; M. Chertow, Marian; Mirtl, Michael; Schmid, Martin, eds. Long term socio-ecological research. Studies in society: nature interactions across spatial and temporal scales. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer: 369-408.
There is growing scientific interest, practical need, and substantial support for understanding urban and urbanising areas in terms of their long-term social and ecological trajectories: past, present, and future. Long-term social-ecological research (LTSER) platforms and programmes in urban areas are needed to meet these interests and needs. We describe our experiences as a point of reference for other ecologists and social scientists embarking on or consolidating LTSER research in hopes of sharing what we have learned and stimulating comparisons and collaborations in urban, agricultural, and forested systems. Our experiences emerge from work with two urban LTSERs: the Baltimore Ecosystem Study (BES) and the District of Columbia-Baltimore City Urban Long-Term Ecological Research Area-Exploratory DC-BC ULTRA-Ex project. We use the architectural metaphor of constructing and maintaining a building to frame the description of our experience with these two urban LTSERs. Considering each project to be represented as a building gives the following structure to the chapter: (1) building site context; (2) building structure; and (3) building process and maintenance.
Grove, J. Morgan; Pickett, Steward T.A.; Whitmer, Ali; Cadenasso, Mary L. 2013. Building an urban LTSER: the case of the Baltimore Ecosystem Study and the DC/BC ULTRA-Ex Project. In: Singh, S. J.; Haberl, Helmut; M. Chertow, Marian; Mirtl, Michael; Schmid, Martin, eds. Long term socio-ecological research. Studies in society: nature interactions across spatial and temporal scales. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer: 369-408. doi:10.1007/978-94-007-1177-8 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-1177-8.