Terrestrial biosphere models need better representation of vegetation phenology: results from the North American Carbon Program Site Synthesis
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Global Change Biology. 18(2): 566-584.
Phenology, by controlling the seasonal activity of vegetation on the land surface, plays a fundamental role in regulating photosynthesis and other ecosystem processes, as well as competitive interactions and feedbacks to the climate system. We conducted an analysis to evaluate the representation of phenology, and the associated seasonality of ecosystem-scale CO2 exchange, in 14 models participating in the North American Carbon Program Site Synthesis. Model predictions were evaluated using long-term measurements (emphasizing the period 2000-2006) from 10 forested sites within the AmeriFlux and Fluxnet-Canada networks.
Keywordsautumn senescence carbon cycle land surface model (LSM) leaf area index (LAI) model error North American Carbon Program (NACP) phenology seasonal dynamics spring onset
Richardson, Andrew D.; Anderson, Ryan S.; Arain, M. Altaf; Barr, Alan G.; Bohrer, Gil,; Chen, Guangsheng; Chen, Jing M.; Ciais, Philippe; David, Kenneth J.; Desai, Ankur R.; Dietze, Michael C.; Dragoni, Danilo; Garrity, Steven R.; Gough, Christopher M.; Grant, Robert; Hollinger, David; Margolis, Hank A.; McCaughey, Harry; Migliavacca, Mirco; Monson, Russel K.; Munger, J. William; Poulter, Benjamin; Raczka, Brett M.; Ricciuto, Daniel M.; Sahoo, Alok K.; Schaefer, Kevin; Tian, Hanqin; Vargas, Rodrigo; Verbeeck, Hans; Xiao, Jingfeng; Xue, Yongkang. 2012. Terrestrial biosphere models need better representation of vegetation phenology: results from the North American Carbon Program Site Synthesis. Global Change Biology. 18(2): 566-584. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02562.x.