Shading aboveground L-joint and lap-joint tests : comparison of white pine and sugar maple test assemblies
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Forest products journal. Vol. 61, no. 3 (2011): p. 265-269.
Five-year performance ratings are presented for two types of untreated, uncoated wood joints (L and lap) in aboveground tests under shaded conditions. The effect of shading on moisture entrapment in pine and maple L and lap joints was evaluated in a moderate decay zone (Madison, Wisconsin). Variations were observed between wood species, visual ratings, joint type, moisture content readings, and fungal growth on the specimens. Representative fungal fruiting bodies were identified as members of the Peniophorella praetermissa species complex by microscopic and DNA analyses. After 5 years, the highest average rating (indicative of most severe deterioration) occurred in white pine L-joint specimens followed by maple lap joints and maple L joints. Pine and maple L-joint specimens demonstrated considerably lower rating variation between specimens compared with lap-joint specimens. White pine lap joints shaded with a tarp had lower average moisture content but showed similar average ratings to pine lap joints shaded by a tree. Regardless of the shading method, white pine lap joints had the lowest average decay rating. Under shaded conditions in a moderate decay zone, untreated and uncoated L-joint performance was notably more uniform from specimen to specimen than lap-joint performance following 5 years of outdoor exposure. A single-point moisture content taken at the time of inspection was not a reliable indicator of the degree or rate of decay for aboveground joint test assemblies evaluated in this study. Likewise, uniform specimen wetting or drying is not predictable under shaded conditions.
KeywordsTimber joints joints testing deterioration wood-decaying fungi biodegradation fasteners moisture wood moisture Acer saccharum Pinus strobus shades shadows weathering durability species differences Peniophorella praetermissa resistance to decay decay fungi sugar maple white pine lap joints L-joints connectors maple pine moisture content exposure tests timber connectors
Clausen, Carol A.; Lindner, Daniel L. 2011. Shading aboveground L-joint and lap-joint tests: Comparison of white pine and sugar maple test assemblies. Forest Products Journal 61(3): 265-269.