Landscape characteristics affecting streams in urbanizing regions of the Delaware River Basin (New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania, U.S.)
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Landscape Ecology. 25: 1489-1503.
Widespread and increasing urbanization has resulted in the need to assess, monitor, and understand its effects on stream water quality. Identifying relations between stream ecological condition and urban intensity indicators such as impervious surface provides important, but insufficient information to effectively address planning and management needs in such areas. In this study we investigate those specific landscape metrics which are functionally linked to indicators of stream ecological condition, and in particular, identify those characteristics that exacerbate or mitigate changes in ecological condition over and above impervious surface. The approach used addresses challenges associated with redundancy of landscape metrics, and links landscape pattern and composition to an indicator of stream ecological condition across a broad area of the eastern United States. Macroinvertebrate samples were collected during 2000-2001 from forty-two sites in the Delaware River Basin, and landscape data of high spatial and thematic resolution were obtained from photointerpretation of 1999 imagery.
Keywordsurbanization; macroinvertebrate; landscape pattern; land cover; land use; water quality; impervious surface
Riva-Murray, Karen; Riemann, Rachel; Murdoch, Peter; Fischer, Jeffrey M.; Brightbill, Robin. 2010. Landscape characteristics affecting streams in urbanizing regions of the Delaware River Basin (New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania, U.S.). Landscape Ecology. 25: 1489-1503. DOI: 10.1007/s10980-010-9513-y https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-010-9513-y.