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Roundwood markets and utilization in West Virginia and Ohio

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Grushecky, Shawn T.; Wiedenbeck, Jan; Spong, Ben

Year Published

2011

Publication

In: Fei, Songlin; Lhotka, John M.; Stringer, Jeffrey W.; Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Miller, Gary W., eds. Proceedings, 17th central hardwood forest conference; 2010 April 5-7; Lexington, KY; Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-78. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 545-558.

Abstract

West Virginia and Ohio have similar forest resources and extensive forest-based economies. Roundwood is harvested throughout this central Appalachian region and supports a diverse primary and secondary forest products sector. The objective of this research was to investigate the utilization of the forest resource harvested in West Virginia and Ohio. Utilization and market data were collected on 30 active timber harvests in 2008 in West Virginia and 9 active harvests in 2009 in Ohio. Results indicated that the average number of roundwood markets to which loggers transported materials from these 39 harvest sites was 2.4. The main markets supplied were saw logs and softwood pulp in West Virginia and saw logs in Ohio. The overall average utilization achieved at these 39 sites was 82 percent. The utilization rate averaged 80 percent for logging operations with only one or two markets and 85 percent for operations hauling products to three or more markets. The highest utilization rates were measured for pine and yellow-poplar while the lowest rates were for cherry and lower-density hardwood species. Differences exist in the characteristics of roundwood markets utilized by logging operators in Ohio and West Virginia. These results demonstrate the impact that the number and nature of markets have on log utilization at harvest sites.

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Citation

Grushecky, Shawn T.; Wiedenbeck, Jan; Spong, Ben. 2011. Roundwood markets and utilization in West Virginia and Ohio. In: Fei, Songlin; Lhotka, John M.; Stringer, Jeffrey W.; Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Miller, Gary W., eds. Proceedings, 17th central hardwood forest conference; 2010 April 5-7; Lexington, KY; Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-78. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 545-558.

Last updated on: June 22, 2011