Publication Details

Physiology and Genetics of Tree-Phytophage Interactions

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Lieutier, Frances; Mattson, William J.; Wagner, Michael R.

Year Published

1999

Publication

Lieutier, Frances; Mattson, William J.; Wagner, Michael R., eds. Proceedings: Physiology and Genetics of Tree-Phytophage Interactions International symposium: Gujan,France.Paris, France: Institut National De La Recherche Agronomique: 374 p.

Abstract

Interactions between trees and phytophagous organisms represent an important fundamental process in the evolution of forest ecosystems. Through evolutionary time, the special traits of trees have lead the herbivore populations to differentiate and evolve in order to cope with the variability in natural resistance mechanisms of their hosts. Conversely, damage by herbivores has inevitably influenced the evolution of many aspects of tree structure (including biochemistry) and life history. The size of the trees, the diversity of structures in an individual, as well as the variation in physiological status during the year and through ontogeny have created a large number of ecological niches for herbivores. Reciprocally, the high diversity of herbivores and their behaviours have favoured a wide variety of tree structures to evolve in many directions to thwart attacks. Consequently, a high diversity of tree-herbivore relationships has evolved suggesting reciprocal adaptations.

Citation

Lieutier, Frances; Mattson, William J.; Wagner, Michael R. 1999. Physiology and Genetics of Tree-Phytophage Interactions. Lieutier, Frances; Mattson, William J.; Wagner, Michael R., eds. Proceedings: Physiology and Genetics of Tree-Phytophage Interactions International symposium: Gujan,France.Paris, France: Institut National De La Recherche Agronomique: 374 p.

Last updated on: August 11, 2006