Modeling potential movements of the emerald ash borer: the model framework
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In: Pye, John M.; Rauscher, H. Michael; Sands, Yasmeen; Lee, Danny C.; Beatty, Jerome S., tech. eds. Advances in threat assessment and their application to forest and rangeland management. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-802. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest and Southern Research Stations: 581-597
The emerald ash borer (EAB, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) is threatening to decimate native ashes (Fraxinus spp.) across North America and, so far, has devastated ash populations across sections of Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, and Ontario. We are attempting to develop a computer model that will predict EAB future movement by adapting a model developed for the potential movement of tree species over a century of climate change. We have two model variants, an insect-flight model and an insect-ride model to assess potential movement.
The models require spatial estimates of EAB abundance and ash abundance. The EAB abundance map shows a zone of initial infestation in the western suburbs of Detroit, with ash trees first dying about 1998. The fine-scale (270-m cells) ash basal area maps show highly variable values, but woodlots often have very high levels of ash. At the coarse scale (20-km cells) for the Eastern United States, available ash is high throughout the northern part of the country.
With the flight model, probability of movement is dependent on EAB abundance in the source cells, the quantity of ash in the target cells, and the distances between them. With the insect-ride model, we used geographic information system data to weight factors related to potential human-assisted movements of EAB-infested ash wood or just hitchhiking insects. We are developing a gravity model that considers traffic volumes and routes between EAB source areas and various distances to campgrounds.
Preliminary results from a test strip through northern Ohio show (1) the insect-flight model creates a relative probability of colonization that decreases quickly from the EAB range boundary edge; and (2) the insect-ride model provides occasions for long-distance transport via humanaided dispersals.
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Iverson, Louis R.; Prasad, Anantha; Bossenbroek, Jonathan; Sydnor, Davis; Schwartz, Mark W. 2010. Modeling potential movements of the emerald ash borer: the model framework. In: Pye, John M.; Rauscher, H. Michael; Sands, Yasmeen; Lee, Danny C.; Beatty, Jerome S., tech. eds. Advances in threat assessment and their application to forest and rangeland management. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-802. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest and Southern Research Stations: 581-597.