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Butternut: An Underused Resource in North America

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HortTechnology 10(2): 302-306


Butternut (Juglans cinerea L.) has many fine qualities as a nut species, however, it has never been commercially important. Although the nut is very edible, only a few cultivars have been selected that have desirable nut size and cracking qualities. In the last 20 years there has been a dramatic decline in the number of butternut in native stands caused to a large extent by the lack of natural reproduction and a damaging canker disease. Evidence suggests that superior, disease resistant trees can be propagated and if isolated from areas where the disease is prevalent, may remain disease-free. It is important that the remaining genetic diversity within the species is maintained. Various butternut conservation practices and research projects to restore butternut populations are underway in the United States and Canada.


Juglans cinerea; white walnut; Juglandaceae


Ostry, M. E.; Pijut, P. M. 2000. Butternut: An Underused Resource in North America. HortTechnology 10(2): 302-306

Last updated on: August 11, 2006