Restoration of the American elm on the Chippewa National Forest through generation of Dutch elm disease tolerant, cold-hardy, and site-adapted trees.
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In: McManus, Katherine A; Gottschalk, Kurt W., eds. Proceedings. 20th U.S. Department of Agriculture interagency research forum on invasive species 2009; 2009 January 13-16; Annapolis, MD. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-51. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 95.
The American elm component of hardwood forests and riparian ecosystems in forested landscapes has been greatly reduced or eliminated by Dutch elm disease (DED). The ecological significance of this reduced role of American elm in riparian ecosystems is likely to be more significant if the ash component is also lost due to emerald ash borer infestation. Efforts to restore the American elm within areas of its former range with unique climatological attributes pose a challenge.
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Slavicek, James M.; Baggett, Kelly; Swanson, Gary. 2009. Restoration of the American elm on the Chippewa National Forest through generation of Dutch elm disease tolerant, cold-hardy, and site-adapted trees.