Ecological impacts of emerald ash borer in forests of southeast Michigan
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In: McManus, Katherine A; Gottschalk, Kurt W., eds. Proceedings. 20th U.S. Department of Agriculture interagency research forum on invasive species 2009; 2009 January 13-16; Annapolis, MD. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-51. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 36-37.
Emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis, has killed millions of ash (Fraxinus spp.) trees since its accidental importation from Asia. Congeneric relatives endemic to North America only colonize stressed trees, apparently as does EAB in Asia. However, EAB is killing healthy trees on high quality sites in North America, creating a woodborer outbreak of unprecedented intensity.
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Herms, Daniel A.; Gandhi, Kamal J.K.; Smith, Annemarie; Cardina, John; Knight, Kathleen S.; Herms, Catherine P.; Long, Robert P.; McCullough, Deborah G. 2009. Ecological impacts of emerald ash borer in forests of southeast Michigan