Is emerald ash borer an obligant migrant?
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In: Mastro, Victor; Reardon, Richard; Parra, Gregory, comps.. Emerald ash borer research and technology development meeting; 2005 September 26-27; Pittsburgh, PA. FHTET-2005-16. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team: 14.
Computer-monitored flight mills with tethered emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), adults to measure flight speed, duration, and periodicity showed tethered beetles flew up to 5.2 km in two days at flight speed of at least 1.5 m/sec (3.5 mph). Females fly twice as far as males (P < 0.002), and mated females fly twice as far as unmated females (P < 0.0001). The discovery that mated females fly longer, further, and faster than either males or unmated females suggests that females are programmed to make a post-teneral dispersal flight.
Taylor, Robin A.J.; Poland, Therese M.; Bauer, L.S.; Haack, Robert A. 2006. Is emerald ash borer an obligant migrant?