Publication Details

The effects of climate, geography, and time on hemlock woolly adelgid and its natural enemies

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Year Published

2007

Publication

In: Gottschalk, Kurt W., ed. Proceedings, 17th U.S. Department of Agriculture interagency research forum on gypsy moth and other invasive species 2006; Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-10. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 100.

Abstract

Although the hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA) has been documented in the western United States since the 1920s, it has not expressed outbreak dynamics, and has not behaved as a pest species. In the eastern United States however, the spatial and temporal dynamics of the HWA have been quite different.

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Citation

Trotter, R. Talbot, III. 2007. The effects of climate, geography, and time on hemlock woolly adelgid and its natural enemies. In: Gottschalk, Kurt W., ed. Proceedings, 17th U.S. Department of Agriculture interagency research forum on gypsy moth and other invasive species 2006; Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-10. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 100.

Last updated on: August 16, 2007