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An ecological aesthetic for forest landscape management

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Year Published



Landscape Journal. 18(1): 54-64. (1999)


Although aesthetics and ecological sustainability are two highly regared values of forest landscapes, practices developed to manage forests for these values can sometimes conflict with one another. In this paper I argue that such conflicts are rooted in our conception of forest aesthetics as scenery, and propose that a normative, "ecological aesthetic" based on the writings of Aldo Leopold and others could help resove conflicts between aesthetic and sustainability values. I then offer suggestions on how we might advance an ecological aesthetic in policy and planning programs, on-the-ground management, and research and theory developement in landscape aesthetics.


Gobster, Paul H. 1999. An ecological aesthetic for forest landscape management. Landscape Journal. 18(1): 54-64. (1999)

Last updated on: August 11, 2006