The United States Experience with the Exotic Cerambycid Anoplophora glabripennis: Detection, Quarantine, and Control
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Silvotecna. Vol. 14 p. 1-12. (2000)
It is estimated that there are at least 4500 exotic (non-indigenous) organisms currently established in the United States(US) (US Congress 1993) and possibly as many as 50,000 (Pimentel et al. 2000). Of the many exotic organisms now in the US, more than 400 are insects that feed on trees and shrubs.(Haack and Byler 1993, Mattson et al. 1994, Niemela and Mattson 1996). Many of these exotic insects have severely impacted forest ecosystems throughout the US (Ciesla 1993, Liebhold et al. 1995, Morrell and Filip 1996, Wallner 1996, Mattson 1997).
Haack, Robert A.; Poland, Therese M.; Gao, Rui-Tong. 2000. The United States Experience with the Exotic Cerambycid Anoplophora glabripennis: Detection, Quarantine, and Control. Silvotecna. Vol. 14 p. 1-12. (2000)