Interaction between a Nosema sp. (Microspora: Nosematidae) and Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus Infecting the Gypsy Moth, Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae)1
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Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. Vol. 74 no.1.:p. 147-153. (1998)
Simultaneous and sequential per os inoculations of gypsy moth larvae with the Lymantria dispar nuclear polyhedrosis virus (LdNPV) and a Nosema sp. from Portugal demonstrated that the interaction of two pathogens during coinfection was variable, ranging from synergistic to antagonistic. Susceptibility of gypsy moth larvae to viral infection was unaffected by simultaneous and subsequent microsporidian infection. This resulted from the comparatively slow pathogenesis of the microsporidium when compared to the virus. Viral infectivity, however, increased 10-fold when larvae were preinfected with Nosema sp. per os, or through transovarial infection. Time to death decreased for larvae infected with both pathogens compared to larvae infected with the virus alone. Polyhedron production was significantly reduced by microsporidian infection preceding viral infection. In this infection sequence, larvae died at an earlier stage and were less than half the mass of cadavers infected with virus alone. The biological significance of these results on gypsy moth population dynamics and the implication for use of this Nosema sp. from Portugal in gypsy moth biological control are discussed in the context of viral epizootiology.
KeywordsLymantria dispar, gypsy moth, Nosema sp. from Portugal, nuclear polyhedrosis virus, biological control, pathogen interactions, gypsy moth viral epizootic, population dynamics
Bauer, Leah S.; Miller, Deborah L.; Maddox, Joseph V.; McManus, Michael L. 1998. Interaction between a Nosema sp. (Microspora: Nosematidae) and Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus Infecting the Gypsy Moth, Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae)1. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. Vol. 74 no.1.:p. 147-153. (1998)