Scientists & Staff
Urban tree mortality and growth are fundamental components of urban forest models and population projections. Survival and growth also serve as performance metrics for city planting programs. My research focuses on urban forest population dynamics – the cycles of urban tree planting, growth, death and removal – with statistical analysis tools from demography and epidemiology. Mortality and growth studies are essential to sustainably manage urban forest resources, and accurately project population changes from urban planting campaigns, and associated ecological functions and services. My previous research on urban tree mortality include a meta-analysis of past street tree mortality data, and longitudinal field studies in Sacramento and Oakland, CA. Because cities are complex socio-ecological systems, tree growth and death can be influenced by biophysical and human drivers, so interdisciplinary partnerships are important for these studies.
My studies take a participatory research approach, collaborating with non-profit organizations and municipal arborists for project design and implementation. A current example of this is the development of standard protocols for urban tree monitoring, which is a collaborative effort among urban forest researchers, practitioners, and students to advance our understanding of urban tree growth, mortality, and longevity. While cities rely on urban forest assessments, such as inventories and canopy cover analysis, to guide management, planning, and policy, long-term monitoring and associated mortality data are key missing pieces. Both scientists and community groups are interested in monitoring. While scientists begin to implement urban monitoring programs (e.g., Urban FIA), numerous local practitioners have also been collecting tree monitoring data. However, methods and rigor vary widely. These organizations often lack the resources to conduct comprehensive monitoring studies and analyze the results. In the same way that urban forest researchers have provided tools for practitioners to inventory their trees, we can also provide assistance for long-term monitoring to assess survival and growth, building on existing standards and technology platforms. I am leading a national effort to standardize urban tree monitoring field protocols for practitioners. These protocols will enable comparisons across cities and programs by promoting standard data collection and information sharing among researchers, citizen scientists, arboriculture professionals.
Future research interests include interpreting urban tree mortality from a socio-ecological systems framework, urban tree growth, connecting field-based studies of urban tree demography to canopy cover change, citizen science in urban forestry, and urban tree diversity.
- Urban Tree Growth & Longevity Working Group (2010 - Current)
- Ecological Society of America (2007 - Current)
- International Society of Arboriculture (2007 - Current)
Publications & Products
- Elmes, Arthur; Rogan, John; Roman, Lara A.; Williams, Christopher A.; Ratick, Samuel J.; Nowak, David J.; Martin, Deborah G. 2018. Predictors of mortality for juvenile trees in a residential urban-to-rural cohort in Worcester, MA. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 30: 138-151.
- Roman, Lara A.; Pearsall, Hamil; Eisenman, Theodore S.; Conway, Tenley M.; Fahey, Robert T.; Landry, Shawn; Vogt, Jess; van Doorn, Natalie S.; Grove, J. Morgan; Locke, Dexter H.; Bardekjian, Adrina C.; Battles, John J.; Cadenasso, Mary L.; van den Bosch, Cecil C. Konijnendijk; Avolio, Meghan; Berland, Adam; Jenerette, G. Darrel; Mincey, Sarah K.; Pataki, Diane E.; Staudhammer, Christina. 2018. Human and biophysical legacies shape contemporary urban forests: A literature synthesis. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening
- Roman, Laura A.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Jordan, Rebecca C. 2018. Civic science in urban forestry: Engaging the public in data collection, knowledge production, and stewardship. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry. 44: 41-48.
- Nguyen, Vi D.; Roman, Lara A.; Locke, Dexter H.; Mincey, Sarah K.; Sanders, Jessica R.; Smith Fichman, Erica; Duran-Mitchell, Mike; Lumban Tobing, Sarah. 2017. Branching out to residential lands: Missions and strategies of five tree distribution programs in the U.S.. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening
- Roman, Lara A.; Fristensky, Jason P.; Eisenman, Theodore S.; Greenfield, Eric J.; Lundgren, Robert E.; Cerwinka, Chloe E.; Hewitt, David A.; Welsh, Caitlin C. 2017. Growing Canopy on a College Campus: Understanding Urban Forest Change through Archival Records and Aerial Photography. Environmental Management
- Roman, Lara A.; Nguyen, Vi D.; Locke, Dexter H.; Mincey, Sarah K.; Sanders, Jessica R.; Fichman, Erica S.; Duran-Mitchell, Mike ; Tobing, Sarah L. 2017. Best practices for yard tree distribution programs. Arborist News. 26(5): 30-35.
- Roman, Lara A.; Scharenbroch, Bryant C.; Ostberg, Johan P.A.; Mueller, Lee S.; Henning, Jason G.; Koeser, Andrew K.; Sanders, Jessica R.; Betz, Daniel R.; Jordan, Rebecca C. 2017. Data quality in citizen science urban tree inventories. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening
- Scharenbroch, Bryant C.; Carter, David ; Bialecki, Margaret ; Fahey, Robert ; Scheberl, Luke ; Catania, Michelle ; Roman, Lara A.; Bassuk, Nina ; Harper, Richard W.; Werner, Les ; Siewert, Alan ; Miller, Stephanie ; Hutyra, Lucy ; Raciti, Steve. 2017. A rapid urban site index for assessing the quality of street tree planting sites. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening
- Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Roman, Lara A. 2016. Knowledge Co-production at the Research-Practice Interface: Embedded Case Studies from Urban Forestry. Environmental Management. 57: 1262-1280.
- Ko, Yekang; Roman, Lara A.; McPherson, E. Gregory; Lee, Junhak. 2016. Does tree planting pay us back? Lessons from Sacramento, CA. Arborist News. June: 50-54.
- Nowak, David J.; Bodine, Allison R.; Hoehn, Robert; Ellis, Alexis; Low, Sarah C.; Roman, Lara A.; Henning, Jason G.; Stephan, Emily; Taggert, Tom; Endreny, Ted. 2016. The urban forests of Philadelphia. Resource Bulletin NRS-106. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 80 p.
- Roman, Lara A.; Battles, John J.; McBride, Joe R. 2016. Urban tree mortality: a primer on demographic approaches. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-158. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 24 p.
- Boyer, Deborah J.; Roman, Lara A.; Henning, Jason G.; McFarland, Matthew; Dentice, Dana; Low, Sarah C.; Thomas, Casey; Abrams, Glen. 2016. Data management for urban tree monitoring -- software requirements. Philadelphia, PA: Azavea. 124 p.
- Ko, Yekang; Lee, Jun-Hak; McPherson, E. Gregory; Roman, Lara A. 2015. Factors affecting long-term mortality of residential shade trees: evidence from Sacramento, California. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 14(3): 500-507
- Ko, Yekang; Lee, Jun-Hak; McPherson, E. Gregory; Roman, Lara A. 2015. Long-term monitoring of Sacramento Shade program trees: tree survival, growth and energy-saving performance. Landscape and Urban Planning. 143: 183-191
- Roman, Lara A.; Walker, Lindsey A.; Martineau, Catherine M.; Muffly, David J.; MacQueen, Susan A.; Harris, Winnie. 2015. Stewardship matters: Case studies in establishment success of urban trees. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 14(4): 1174-1182.
- Roman, Lara A. 2014. How many trees are enough? Tree death and the urban canopy. Scenario Journal. Scenario 04. 8 p.
- Roman, Lara A.; Battles, John J.; McBride, Joe R. 2014. Determinants of establishment survival for residential trees in Sacramento County, CA. Landscape and Urban Planning. 129: 22-31.
- Roman, Lara A.; Battles, John J.; McBride, Joe R. 2013. The balance of planting and mortality in a street tree population. Urban Ecosystems. 18 p. 10.1007/s11252-013-0320-5.
- Roman, Lara A.; McPherson, E. Gregory; Scharenbroch, Bryant C.; Bartens, Julia. 2013. Identifying common practices and challenges for local urban tree monitoring programs across the United States. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry. 39(6): 292-299.