Scientists & Staff
Current ResearchMy research deals with the relationship between land use, aquatic habitat, and the distribution and abundance of fish and aquatic invertebrates. Specializing in establishing explicit, mechanistic links between environmental variation with behavior, growth, and survival, I am particularly interested in using basic science to assist restoration, conservation, and management.
- Bioenergetics approaches to habitat suitability modeling for juvenile salmonids
- Effects of forest change on aquatic habitats, invertebrates, and fishes
- Using genetic and stable isotope markers to understand Atlantic salmon movement and dispersal between habitats
- Role of biotic interactions at local spatial scales in determining growth and survival of juvenile salmonids
- Role of anadromous fish in the transport of nutrients and materials to and from freshwater ecosystems
- Effects of hydrologic alteration on river and floodplain ecosystems
- Effects of acidification on Atlantic salmon
- Develop and apply new techniques and technologies to determine the effects of fragmentation associated with dams and roads on brook trout and other native species.
- Develop an adaptive management framework to implement and assess ecologically sustainable flow regimes for notheastern river systems.
- Determine the relationship between long-term changes in forest structure and atmospheric emissions and aquatic ecosystems and communities.
- Understand the role of habitat-dependent interactions between invasive and native species in structuring aquatic communities.
Why This Research is ImportantFreshwater ecosystems in New England and the northeastern US are strongly influenced by past and present anthropogenic change. In order for managers and stakeholders to make decisions based on sound science, we need to understand the links between land use change, freshwater ecosystems and sustainable fish populations, and effectively communicate this knowledge.
- American Fisheries Society
- North American Benthological Society
- Fisheries Society of the British Isles
- Ecological Society of America
- The Nature Conservancy
Connecticut River Intiative
- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Gulf of Maine Program
- Maine Atlantic Salmon Recovery Team
- Connecticut River Atlantic Salmon Commission
Featured Publications & Products
- Ward, Darren M.; Nislow, Keith H.; Chen, Celia Y.; Folt, Carol L. 2010. Rapid, efficient growth reduces mercury concentrations in stream-dwelling Atlantic salmon. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 139: 1-10.
- Laser, Melissa; Jordan, James; Nislow, Keith. 2009. Riparian forest and instream large wood characteristics, West Branch Sheepscot River, Maine, USA . Forest Ecology and Management, Volume 257, Issue 7, 22 March 2009, Pages 1558-1565
- Nislow, Keith H.; Lowe, Winsor H. 2003. Influences of logging history and stream pH on brook trout abundance in first-order streams in New Hampshire. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 132: 166-171
Publications & Products
- Dixon, Simon J.; Sear, David A.; Nislow, Keith H. 2018. A conceptual model of riparian forest restoration for natural flood management. Water and Environment Journal
- Penaluna, Brooke E.; Reeves, Gordon H.; Barnett, Zanethia ; Bisson, Peter A.; Buffington, John M.; Dolloff, Andy ; Flitcroft, Rebecca ; Luce, Charles H.; Nislow, Keith ; Rothlisberger, John ; Warren, Mel. . 2018. Using natural disturbance and portfolio concepts to guide aquatic-riparian ecosystem management. Fisheries Magazine
- Myers, Bonnie J.E.; Dolloff, C. Andrew; Webster, Jackson R.; Nislow, Keith H.; Fair, Brandon; Rypel, Andrew L. 2017. Fish assemblage production estimates in Appalachian streams across a latitudinal and temperature gradient. Ecology of Freshwater Fish
- Kanno, Yoichiro; Letcher, Benjamin H.; Rosner, Ana L.; O'Neil, Kyle P.; Nislow, Keith H. 2015. Environmental Factors Affecting Brook Trout Occurrence in Headwater Stream Segments. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society
- Daniels, Amy; Shaw, Nancy; Peterson, Dave; Nislow, Keith; Tomosy, Monica; Rowland, Mary. 2014. Facing climate change in forests and fields. The Wildlife Society News. Online: http://news.wildlife.org/twp/2014-spring/facing-climate-change-in-forests-and-fields/
- Daniels, Amy; Shaw, Nancy; Peterson, Dave; Nislow, Keith; Tomosy, Monica; Rowland, Mary. 2014. Facing climate change in forests and fields: U.S. Forest Service taps into science-management partnerships. The Wildlife Professional. (Spring 2014): 31-35
- Jane, Stephen F.; Nislow, Keith H.; Whiteley, Andrew R. 2014. The use (and misuse) of archaeological salmon data to infer historical abundance in North America with a focus on New England. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries. 24(3): 943-954.
- Kanno, Yoichiro; Letcher, Benjamin H.; Coombs, Jason A.; Nislow, Keith H.; Whiteley, Andrew R. 2014. Linking movement and reproductive history of brook trout to assess habitat connectivity in a heterogeneous stream network. Freshwater Biology. 59(1): 142-154.
- Lerman, Susannah B.; Nislow, Keith H.; Nowak, David J.; DeStefano, Stephen; King, David I.; Jones-Farrand, D. Todd. 2014. Using urban forest assessment tools to model bird habitat potential. Landscape and Urban Planning. 122: 29-40.
- Marks, Christian O.; Nislow, Keith H.; Magilligan, Francis J. 2014. Quantifying flooding regime in floodplain forests to guide river restoration. Elementa Science of the Anthropocene. 2: 000031.
- Robertsen, Grethe; Armstrong, John D.; Nislow, Keith H.; Herfindal, Ivar; McKelvey, Simon; Einum, Sigurd; Genner, Martin. 2014. Spatial variation in the relationship between performance and metabolic rate in wild juvenile Atlantic salmon. Journal of Animal Ecology. 83(4): 791-799.
- Trumbo, Bradly A.; Nislow, Keith H.; Stallings, Jonathan; Hudy, Mark; Smith, Eric P.; Kim, Dong-Yun; Wiggins, Bruce; Dolloff, Charles A. 2014. Ranking site vulnerability to increasing temperatures in southern Appalachian brook trout streams in Virginia: An exposure-sensitivity approach. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 143(1): 173-187.
- Whiteley, Andrew R.; Coombs, Jason A.; Letcher, Benjamin H.; Nislow, Keith H. 2014. Simulation and empirical analysis of novel sibship-based genetic determination of fish passage. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
- Wilson, Matthew K.; Lowe, Winsor H.; Nislow, Keith. 2014. Family richness and biomass of understory invertebrates in early and late successional habitats of northern New Hampshire. Journal of Forestry. 112: 337-345.
- Berger, Alaina L.; Palik, Brian; D'Amato, Anthony W.; Fraver, Shawn; Bradford, John B.; Nislow, Keith; King, David; Brooks, Robert T. 2013. Ecological impacts of energy-wood harvests: lessons from whole-tree harvesting and natural disturbance. Journal of Forestry. 111(2): 139-153.
- Armstrong, John D.; Nislow, Keith H. 2012. Modelling approaches for relating effects of change in river flow to populations of Atlantic salmon and brown trout. Fisheries Management and Ecology
- Brooks, Robert T.; Eggert, Susan L.; Nislow, Keith H.; Kolka, Randall K.; Chen, Celia Y.; Ward, Darren M. 2012. Preliminary assessment of mercury accumulation in Massachusetts and Minnesota seasonal forest pools. Wetlands 32: 653-663.
- Einum, Sigurd ; Finstad, Anders G.; Robertsen, Grethe ; Nislow, Keith H.; McKelvey, Simon ; Armstrong, John D. 2012. Natal movement in juvenile Atlantic salmon: a body size-dependent strategy?. Population Ecology
- Whiteley, Andrew R.; Coombs, Jason A.; Hudy, Mark; Robinson, Zachary; Nislow, Keith H.; Letcher, Benjamin H. 2012. Sampling strategies for estimating brook trout effective population size. Conservation Genetics. 13(3): 625-637. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10592-011-0313-y.
- Kasprak, A.; Magilligan, F. J.; Nislow, K. H.; Snyder, N. P. 2012. A Lidar-derived evaluation of watershed-scale large woody debris sources and recruitment mechanisms: costal Maine, USA. River Research and Applications
- Einum, Sigurd ; Nislow, Keith H.; McKelvey, Simon ; Armstrong, John D. 2011. The spatial scale of competition from recruits on an older cohort in Atlantic salmon. Oecologia
- Letcher, Benjamin H.; Coombs, Jason A; Nislow, Keith H. 2011. Maintenance of phenotypic variation: repeatibility, heritability, and size-dependent processes in a wild brook trout population. Evolutionary Applications 4: 602-615.
- Ward, Darren M.; Nislow, Keith H.; Folt, Carol L.; Grant, James. 2011. Seasonal shift in the effects of predators on juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) energetics. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
- Nislow, K.H.; Sepulveda, A.J.; Folt, C.L. 2004. Mechanistic linkage of hydrologic regime to summer growth of age-0 Atlantic salmon. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 133(1): 79-88.
- Nislow, Keith H.; Armstrong, John D.; McKelvey, Simon. 2004. Phosphorus flux due to Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in an oligotrophic upland stream: effects of management and demography. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 61: 2401-2410.
National Research Highlights
IITF and NRS officially established charters for Urban Research Stations in San Juan, Puerto Rico and Baltimore, Chicago, New York City, and Philadelphia to develop and deliver knowledge that contributes to the understanding of urban social-ecological systems and the adaptation of practices that lead to sustainable, resilient, equitable, and healthy urban environments. The charters formalized long-standing field station investments.
To generate robust preductions, models need to acknowledge the complex life histories of riverine and diadromous fishes